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Identifying skills needs

To inform the design of VET and employment policies, Cedefop identifies and anticipates future skill needs and potential skill mismatches. It provides high quality evidence on trends in the labour market and skill needs by producing regular skill supply and demand forecasts for Europe and analysing the potential labour market mismatches and imbalances. Cedefop also investigates skill and competence needs in selected sectors, has collected its own European data on skills and jobs and is currently working on collecting and analysing data on skill demand using online job postings. All data and intelligence is delivered it to end-users in a fit-for-purpose and timely fashion via the Skills Panorama.

  • Anticipating and matching skills: In 2017 Cedefop began to provide technical advice to countries asking for its support to improve their ‘governance of skills anticipation and matching’. In doing so, Cedefop works to identify country-specific challenges, bottlenecks and policy solutions for achieving effective skills governance.
  • Big data analysis from online vacancies: Cedefop is joining forces with Eurostat and DG EMPL to develop a fully -fledged EU-wide system to collect and analyse data on skill demand using online job postings. 
  • Digitalisation, AI and the future of work: Cedefop’s ‘Digitalisation and the future of work’ project analyses the impact and drivers of automation, robotics, artificial intelligence and other digital technologies on employment and changing skill needs of jobs. It also examines the implications of new forms of digital labour, such as platform or crowd work.
  • European Company Survey: Cedefop and Eurofound are sharing expertise and resources to carry out the next European Company Survey. The survey will explore the strategies deployed by companies to meet their skill needs, through recruitment, HR development practices and work organisation. In this context, special emphasis will be put on the impact of digitalisation.
  • European skills and jobs (ESJ) survey: is the first survey on skill mismatch carried out in the EU28 Member States, examines drivers of skill development and the dynamic evolution of skill mismatch in relation to the changing complexity of the tasks and skills required in people’s jobs.
  • European skills index: The objective of a skills system is not only to continually develop the skills of the population, but also to activate and effectively match these skills to the needs of employers in the labour market. Cedefop's European Skills Index (ESI) is a composite indicator that measures the performance of a country’s skills system. ESI monitors member states performance over time and identifies areas calling for improvement. ESI can assist the implementation of the European Pillar of Social Rights. The European Skills Index is comprised of three pillars, each of which measures a different aspect of a country's skills formation and matching system; these pillars are used to organise and aggregate 15 individual indicators into a single summary measure.
  • Skills forecast: Cedefop produces regular skill supply and demand forecasts for Europe and analyses the potential labour market imbalances.
  • Skills for the green economy: Since 2008, Cedefop explores employment effects, skill requirements and policy implications of the transition towards a greener economy.
  • Skills PanoramaCedefop manages a unique central access point for data information and intelligence on skill needs in occupations and sectors across Europe.

Work is carried out in close cooperation with members of Cedefop’s Skillsnet network.