What are the trends for the future?ii
The employment level of ICT technicians across sectors is expected to grow by 5 per cent between 2018 and 2030, a further increase in employment following the almost 11 per cent increase over the period 2006 to 2018. The 5 per cent growth in employment will result in there being 98,000 new jobs by 2030. 10 of analysed European countries are expected to experience significant growth of ICT technicians’ jobs in the future while in only 6 countries this occupation is projected to experience a significant decline.
Figure 2: Future employment growth for ICT technicians in European countries (2018-2030, in %)
This, however, understates the growth in demand for people to work as ICT technicians. Over the period 2018 to 2030 an estimated 575,000 people are projected to leave the occupation for one reason or another such as retirement iii
. Given the projected increase in employment over the same period, this will result in there being around 673,000 job openings that will need to be filled between 2018 and 2030. Among total job openings in the ICT occupations between 2018 and 2030, only 1 in 6 is projected to be for ICT technicians, so their share within ICT occupations is declining. Advancements in artificial intelligence, cloud-based services and most of all mobile devices have polarised demand for ICT skills. The demand for ICT specialists has intensified but technicians are less needed as even very sophisticated ICT tools can be now mastered by people with only user-level skills.
Figure 3: Future job openings of ICT technicians (2018-2030)
Technology advancements and ever-augmenting permeability of ICT in production and collaboration processes are expected to significantly boost the share of high qualified employees in the occupation. Most of these workers currently hold either medium- or high-level qualifications (49 per cent and 43 per cent, respectively, in 2018). Between 2018 and 2030, these proportions are expected to change, as the share of employment accounted for by those with medium level qualifications will fall to 40 per cent of the workforce, whereas those with high level qualifications will represent 54 per cent. The share of low-skilled workers is expected to decrease from 8 to 6 per cent.
The need for higher and more specialised qualifications and skills may draw more employment growth to ICT professionals, but technicians are expected to have surmounting role in some non-IT and telecommunications sectors: comparing 2018 to 2030, the financial and insurance sector (business services) will employ much more more ICT technicians. Significant employment growth is also foreseen in media sector, as well as in industries in manufacturing; wholesale and retail trade, non-marketed services, education and health & social care.
More information on employment trends for this occupation can be found here.