Skill mismatches have significant productivity and well-being costs for individuals, firms and economies. Mismatch is much more than an indicator of how effective initial VET is in securing good quality school-to-work transitions. In knowledge societies, matching skills to shifting labour market needs is a dynamic process requiring continuous VET responsiveness.
Our research and analysis focus on demarcating and measuring multiple types of skills mismatch. Cedefop’s European skills and jobs and learning in work surveys enable deeper understanding of the types, drivers and costs of skill mismatches. We also collect good examples of skills matching policies and practices.