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Concise, clear and concrete pictures of countries’ vocational education and training systems: this is what the Cedefop Spotlight on VET series offers. Building on individual country Spotlights, this publication brings together the main features and data of VET in the EU, Iceland and Norway.

While countries share goals and challenges, their VET systems are diverse, shaped by socioeconomic contexts and traditions. Information on VET’s main features, its role and status, are a prerequisite to understanding developments and learning from another country.

This compilation addresses all those who need a quick overview of essential features of VET in Europe. Clarifying the place of VET in countries’ overall education and training systems, it presents main accession and progression routes for learners; types and levels of qualifications they lead to; types of programmes, delivery modes, work-based learning ratio and duration. The approach and terminology used for the systems charts and descriptions aim for a balance between national and international readers’ understanding and for some comparisons between systems.

This publication is a useful starting point for work by policy makers, social partners, experts and researchers. It provides orientation to a range of other actors involved in VET-related activities: VET providers, teachers and trainers; guidance, qualifications and validation staff; and other readers who want to familiarise themselves with VET systems across and beyond Europe.

Publication details

Publication number
4168
Publication year
2019
Publication month
March
Publication type
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Downloads

Spotlight on VET – 2018 compilation

EN 4.76 MB

Vocational education and training system in Austria

EN 389.68 KB

Vocational education and training system in Belgium (BE-DE)

EN 506.2 KB

Vocational education and training system in Belgium (BE-FL)

EN 539.21 KB

Vocational education and training system in Belgium (BE-FR)

EN 707.45 KB

Vocational education and training system in Bulgaria

EN 402.85 KB

Vocational education and training system in Croatia

EN 437.99 KB

Vocational education and training system in Cyprus

EN 396.99 KB

Vocational education and training system in the Czech Republic

EN 379.5 KB

Vocational education and training system in Denmark

EN 390.32 KB

Vocational education and training system in Estonia

EN 408.95 KB

Vocational education and training system in Germany

EN 418.92 KB

Vocational education and training system in Greece

EN 345.81 KB

Vocational education and training system in Finland

EN 359.41 KB

Vocational education and training system in France

EN 434 KB

Vocational education and training system in Hungary

EN 265.82 KB

Vocational education and training system in Iceland

EN 373.04 KB

Vocational education and training system in Ireland

EN 424.34 KB

Vocational education and training system in Italy

EN 389.85 KB

Vocational education and training system in Latvia

EN 394.98 KB

Vocational education and training system in Lithuania

EN 402.95 KB

Vocational education and training system in Luxembourg

EN 440.54 KB

Vocational education and training system in Malta

EN 392.18 KB

Vocational education and training system in the Netherlands

EN 338.21 KB

Vocational education and training system in Norway

EN 314.33 KB

Vocational education and training system in Poland

EN 427.96 KB

Vocational education and training system in Portugal

EN 463.51 KB

Vocational education and training system in Romania

EN 422.58 KB

Vocational education and training system in Slovenia

EN 392.94 KB

Vocational education and training system in Slovakia

EN 384.08 KB

Vocational education and training system in Spain

EN 411.23 KB

Vocational education and training system in Sweden

EN 391.12 KB

Vocational education and training system in the United Kingdom

EN 354.8 KB