Cooperation between higher education and the world of work can offer both new sources of funding and greater relevance for modern higher education. It can offer better human resources for the labour market and access to a great source of expertise for enterprises. All of this is much needed, which is why such cooperation is an imperative, and not something universities can choose to ignore.

Because the survey and study visits suggested that general awareness of the need for universityenterprise cooperation was low, this publication also tries to explain the rationale behind such cooperation in a way that makes it accessible to policy makers, human resources managers, social partner organisations and universities.

Chapter 3 contains a description of universityenterprise cooperation in the EU and other western countries, and attempts to explain how it has evolved almost naturally with the advance of high technology, mass access and globalisation. What follows is a short introduction to the views and activities of some international organisations on the issue.

Chapter 4 introduces the theory of universityenterprise cooperation, placing the lessons learnt in Europe and North America since the 1970s in a framework of concepts for use in other situations.

In Chapter 5 we move to the current Tempus regions and provide an overview of the results of the abovementioned survey, study visits and seminar.

Finally, Chapter 6 attempts to summarise the issues into some clear recommendations, addressed separately to policy makers and government representatives, and university staff and business managers.

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