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In modern societies, qualifications fulfil many functions. They serve to signal an individual’s personal, social and professional status, but they also control access to education, training and the labour market. Moreover, these functions change in line with wider social changes.


This review examines how the role and functions of qualifications are changing Europe.  Covering a wide range of sources, including an overview of Cedefop’s own work and case studies of countries, it outlines four possible scenarios for developments in the next ten years, and identifies the cornerstones for a reform strategy.


Qualifikationen im Wandel

DE 2.36 MB

Changing qualifications

EN 5.34 MB

Third-party translations

변화하는 자격

KO 2.99 MB