COVID-19 and hard copy dissemination - Due to the pandemic, Cedefop has decided to suspend distribution of all hard copy publications and flyers for as long as special measures are enforced by Member States.
We encourage you to visit our website, where all published titles are available online.
Please note that you can subscribe to alerts for new content by registering here.

This Cedefop study seeks to provide a comprehensive and robust evidence base in relation to low-skilled adults in the European Union. It analyses trends in low skills among adults as well as characteristics, determinants and risks of being low skilled.

Publication details


Investing in skills pays off

EN 3.15 MB

Investitionen in Kompetenzen zahlen sich aus: Zusammenfassung

DE 980.75 KB

Investing in skills pays off: executive summary

EN 704.21 KB

Rentabilité de l’investissement dans les compétences: résumé

FR 984.65 KB