The reform of the labour market (via the Jobs Act) in Italy redefined, through Legislative Decree 150/2015, the laws on employment services and active labour market policies, as well as initiatives promoting employment and employability.
The initiatives had foreseen a strategic and integrated national dialogue between education/training and labour sectors, as well as public and private services, for better coordination at all levels. They aimed at identifying new ways for all services to cooperate, becoming more efficient and effective for more and different users.
This decree created the National Agency for Active Labour Policies (ANPAL, Agenzia Nazionale per le Politiche Attive del Lavoro). Its aim is to coordinate the national network of services for employment policies, comprising the main national stakeholders: the relevant regional structures, employment agencies, interprofessional funds for continuous training, Inapp, Chambers of Commerce, INPS and INAIL.
ANPAL, in cooperation with the ministries of labour and education and the regions, is in charge of creating and implementing a unified information system of employment policies, with various existing, or under construction, information systems such as social safety nets, job mandatory communications, employment services, vocational training, national register of students in schools, and undergraduate and graduate students at university. An electronic file will be created for each worker based on the information in the unified information system. This file will contain all the information related to education and training programmes attended by the worker, job periods and the use of income support tools.
Within a multi-level governance system that will be set up from national to local level, ANPAL is the key national actor supporting the development of skills and qualifications for job searching and/or for continuation in further learning pathways. The national agency will develop training and information tools and methods for both intermediary bodies (PES operators, schools and training centres, universities, companies) and final users (citizens, students and workers).