This section proposes a selection of inspiring examples, including:

These examples were selected as part of the Cedefop study ‘Leaving education early: putting vocational education and training (VET) centre stage’. Would you like to know more about the methodology used to select the examples and the countries covered? Go to About >

EU Member States
Displaying results 1 - 15 out of 226


  • Publications

    Digital gap during COVID-19 for VET learners at risk in Europe

    Synthesis report based on preliminary information on seven countries provided by Cedefop’s Network of Ambassadors tackling early leaving from VET

    Cedefop’s ambassadors for tackling early leaving from education and training call for further support to address the needs of learners at risk and ensure their equal access to quality distance learning.

  • Good practice

    Second Chance Schools - Spain

    Escuelas de Segunda Oportunidad (E2O)

    The project offers practical and effective solutions to young people in Spain without a job or qualification, through the development of an innovative model of Second Chance School (E2O).

  • Good practice


    Supporting educational and social inclusion of young early leavers and those at risk of early leaving through mechanisms of orientation and tutorial action.

  • Tools

    DIDO - Dropping-in the dropouts toolkit

    The DIDO toolkit contains practical tools aimed at preventing dropout in adult education.

  • Publications

    Prevention and Reduction of Poverty and Social Exclusion through Education, Vocational Training and Lifelong Learning

    This European Anti-Poverty Network (EAPN) Key Issues and Promising Practices Paper provides a grassroots assessment of the current state of play and new developments in the education field, from the perspective of people experiencing poverty and social exclusion and from NGOs providing support, guidance and services to them.

  • Publications

    Research publications on Early leaving from VET

    Results from Summon Cedefop’s discovery tool

    This collection of publications (bibliography) on Early leaving from VET retrieves entries relevant to early leaving from VET from Cedefop’s discovery tool (Summons) that allows you to navigate through essential scientific information and open access journals from major sources selected by Cedefop, mostly emphasising in academic publications.

  • Publications

    Bibliography on Early leaving from VET

    Results from Cedefop's VET-Bib bibliographic database

    This collection of publications (bibliography) on Early leaving from VET retrieves entries relevant to early leaving from VET from Cedefop’s official bibliographical database (VET-Bib).

  • Statistics and Data

    Statistical overviews on VET

    European and national policies on Vocational Education and Training (VET) need to be informed by sound and internationally comparable statistical evidence.

    The VET country statistical overviews are concise, descriptive and user friendly statistical reports. For each country, they quantify and compare key aspects of VET and lifelong learning.

  • Statistics and Data

    Data on Vocational education and training in Luxembourg

    VET in Europe is the most comprehensive information resource on vocational education and training (VET) systems in Europe. ReferNet, Cedefop’s European network, provides descriptions of national VET systems in the European Union, Norway and Iceland based on a common template designed by Cedefop.

  • Good practice

    Stay tuned

    Boosting the frequency of qualification

    This site collects together all the key outputs and insights from the Stay Tuned project, an URBACT Implementation Network of nine European cities, specifically looking at how to implement strategies that tackle Early Leaving from Education and Training (ELET – also known as Early School Leaving).

  • Publications

    Investing in career guidance

    Career guidance describes the services which help people of any age to manage their careers and to make the educational, training and occupational choices that are right for them.

  • Publications

    Coordinating guidance and validation

    Validation and guidance help individuals, organisations and Member States adapt to career challenges and create successful lifelong learning systems. However, little is known about how they are linked in practice and how this connection can be made more efficient.

  • Publications

    European cooperation in VET: one process, many stops

    Developments in vocational education and training policy 2015-17

    Work in 2015-17 signals continuity with earlier national strategies and initiatives.

  • Publications

    European inventory on validation of non-formal and informal learning

    Thematic report: validation and early school leavers


    The European Inventory on validation of non-formal and informal learning is a regularly updated overview of validation practises and arrangements across Europe. It is compiled in cooperation with the European Commission. The Inventory was endorsed by the Council Recommendation of 2012 on validation and works together with the European guidelines as a tool to support countries to develop and implement validation arrangements.

  • Publications

    Stronger VET for better lives

    Stronger VET for better lives Cedefop’s monitoring report on vocational education and training policies 2010-14

    Cedefop’s monitoring report on vocational education and training policies 2010-14  synthesises progress towards the objectives of the Bruges communiqué including these related to early leaving from VET.