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Luxembourg’s vocational education and training (VET) is highly differentiated. Apprenticeships and school-based VET coexist. While some features may seem similar to those in other countries, taking a closer look is important to understand national concepts and terms.

Luxembourg’s education and training system reflects its geographic and socioeconomic context: its small size, the close ties with its neighbours, its multilingual nature and high share of foreign nationals, and the well-established cooperation with social partners. Recently implemented reform has strengthened the links to the labour market and brought about a shift towards competence-based and modular vocational programmes. The implementation of this reform has also revealed weaknesses in the system; evaluation of the reform will provide stakeholders with evidence of a need for further changes.

By providing an insight into its main features and highlighting related policy developments and challenges, this short description contributes to better understanding of VET in Luxembourg.

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Vocational education and training in Luxembourg

EN 5.56 MB