The skill forecast country reports summarise key future trends in jobs and skills for individual EU Member States up to 2030. They offer a concise outlook on national employment trends by sector, occupational group and education level, as well as developments in the working age population by age and gender. Implications for future labour market imbalances can be identified when demand and supply are looked at together. A common methodology and harmonised data ensure comparability of results across Member States. The estimations are consistent with official EU economic forecasts and population projections.
The 2020 Cedefop skills forecast was developed before the onset of the global Covid-19 pandemic. As the short-term economic impact of the pandemic and the resulting lockdown in many countries are still unknown, the current short-term forecast is likely to be over-optimistic. However, key long-term factors (such as the ageing population, increasing use of automation/artificial intelligence, globalisation, resource scarcity and move towards a carbon-neutral economy) will still apply as EU Member States implement plans to deal with the pandemic and as their economies move forward. The longer-term forecast trends are therefore still likely to hold.