What are the trends for the future? 
Around 1.8 million people were employed as CEOs and senior officials in 2018. Their employment level is projected to grow by 10 per cent between 2018 and 2030; building upon the 15 per cent growth in employment observed over the 2006 to 2018 period. This future employment growth is expected in most European countries covered in this analysis; only in Hungary, Bulgaria and Sweden some job losses are projected.
Figure 2: Future employment growth of CEOs, officials and legislators in European countries (2018-2030, in %)
The 10 per cent growth will result in there being an additional 188,000 CEO and senior official jobs by 2030. 1.5 million people can be added to this projection, expected to leave the occupation for one reason or another such as retirement and who will need to be replaced. This means that there will be around 1.7 million job openings that will need to be filled between 2018 and 2030.
Figure 3: Future job openings of CEOs, officials and legislators (2018-2030)
For senior officials, the fastest growing sector will be education. For CEOs, the fastest growth is expected in several business services sectors, such as legal, accounting and consulting , architecture and engineering, and financial and insurance which correspond with sector growth forecasts   and also in research and development.
Persons employed in this occupational group face challenges and opportunities driven by a variety of external factors. Organisations will continue to look for leaders – with the most appropriate skills to develop an effective strategy for navigating an increasingly volatile global market coupled with significant social changes. As expected, the majority of CEOs and public officials hold high qualifications.
With regard to education level, 63 per cent of people working in these occupations had high-level qualifications in 2018 and this is expected to increase to almost 70 per cent by 2030. The share of low- and medium-level qualified workers is expected to fall over the period to 2030.