Despite their advantages as a way of aligning vocational education and training to labour market needs, apprenticeships are underused.
Apprenticeships and other forms of work-based learning are seen as having particular advantages as a learning method. They can provide young people and adults with the job-specific and generic skills employers need and so help smooth transition from school or other learning to work.

Given that apprenticeship systems also strengthen cooperation between governments, social partners, employers and training institutions, it is unsurprising that their revival has become a worldwide trend.