Technological change and digitalisation, particularly new intelligent automation or Industry 4.0 technologies (e.g. advanced robotics, artificial intelligence, 3D printing), has become a megatrend reshaping labour market and skills trends in Europe. Cedefop’s European skills and jobs survey (ESJS) already showed in its first wave that about 14% of EU jobs were likely to be fully automated, with such automation risks disproportionally affecting low-skilled people in routine jobs that offer little, if any, vocational training. The Covid-19 pandemic, which accelerated the proliferation of digital working and learning, has accentuated such trends.

Having become a game changer, digitalisation and its role in shaping the future of work, skills and learning now tops EU and national policy agendas. But evidence-based policy making to accompany and shape change brought about by digital technology, the challenges linked to the pandemic and the ongoing green transition, requires scientifically sound data and analysis.

Fielded in summer 2021 in all EU27 Member States and Norway/Iceland (EU+), Cedefop’s 2nd European skills and jobs survey (ESJS2) collected information from a representative sample of about 46 thousand adult workers on how digitalisation affects them, their skills match with their jobs and their readiness to invest in continuous vocational training to adapt to technological change.

Conference aims

The main aim of the conference is to discuss with the European policy and expert community, social partners and a wider group of stakeholders and participants the main findings of Cedefop’s 2nd ESJS focused on digitalisation and skill mismatches in Europe. As part of the conference, Cedefop will aim to involve expert and other participants in reflecting on the implications of the findings for up- and re-skilling, vocational education and training (VET) and skills policies.

At the conference, Cedefop will:

  • Launch the new Cedefop ESJS2 indicator online web tool and Cedefop’s revamped Matching skills online webtool;
  • Collect feedback from participants on which ESJS2 findings they consider most relevant from a policy perspective;
  • Reflect, jointly with sectoral stakeholders, on the implications of digitalisation for changing skill needs and VET policies in sectors;
  • Present findings from research and analyses exploring the implications of digitalisation for skill mismatch;
  • Showcase good practices of VET and skills policies aimed at digital skills development and/or skills matching.
Additional keywords
Digitalisation, Digital skills, Industry 4.0, Artificial intelligence, Robots, Technological change, Survey

Event details


Who is who
Expert in skills and workplaces
Who is who