The employment in Bulgaria is still mostly driven by manufacturing industry and wholesale and retail trade, followed by public administration and construction. The economic crisis resulted in a fall in employment between 2008 and 2013, from which the labour market is recovering slowly. Employment decline is expected till 2030 and the working age population (15-64) will shrink because of high level of retirements.
Fastest employment growth in Bulgaria is expected in public sector & defence and education. Customer clerks and assemblers will add most new jobs in 2020-2030 period. Because of still-strong agriculture sector, skilled agricultural workers should be the fastest growing occupation, followed by legal & social professionals and protective service workers. Till 2030, more than half of all job openings (including replacements for vacated jobs) in Bulgaria will be for high level qualifications.