COVID-19 and hard copy dissemination - Due to the pandemic, Cedefop has decided to suspend distribution of all hard copy publications and flyers for as long as special measures are enforced by Member States.
We encourage you to visit our website, where all published titles are available online.
Please note that you can subscribe to alerts for new content by registering here.

This Cedefop study examines the contribution that vocational education and training (VET) can make to reducing early leaving from education and training (ELET).

Published in two volumes, this first looks at quantitative data to understand better the extent of early leaving from VET (ELVET). It analyses mechanisms for monitoring early leaving (at national and EU-levels), and examines VET and labour-market-specific factors, as well as those related to the individual and his/her family background, contributing to this phenomenon. It aims to assist national policy-makers and decision-makers at different levels in developing existing monitoring systems to measure ELVET and inform VET policies to tackle ELET. It also aims to assist European stakeholders to refine the EU indicator to capture the important variations in individual situations of early leavers. The second volume reviews VET-related measures to tackle ELET, either by preventing learners dropping out and/or by bringing those who have already left back to education and training.

Publication details

Publication number
Publication year
Publication month
Publication type


Leaving education early: putting vocational education and training centre stage

EN 3.33 MB

Leaving education early: putting vocational education and training centre stage

EN 2.04 MB

Executive summary

EN 338.25 KB

Chapter 1. Introduction

EN 1.61 MB

Chapter 2. Research scope and methodology

EN 1.48 MB

Chapter 3. Understanding and monitoring early leaving

EN 1.71 MB

Chapter 4. The extent of early leaving from VET

EN 3.1 MB

Chapter 5. Factors influencing early leaving from VET

EN 1.9 MB

Chapter 6. Conclusions and policy messages

EN 1.58 MB


EN 1.53 MB