Are migrants and ethnic minorities more likely than the general population to face a mismatch between the skills they offer and those the labour market requires? If so, what form is this mismatch likely to take? A Cedefop research paper investigates.
Cedefop’s most recent research paper shows that migrants from outside the EU are more likely to find jobs beneath their real skills level (‘overeducation’), while ethnic minorities are more typically found to lack the education level that the labour market requires (‘undereducation’).

Limiting mismatch is good not just for individuals but also for the European economy, allowing a better use of human potential. Accordingly, the report makes policy suggestions, such as setting common standards for the recognition of third-country qualifications, improving job access and encouraging companies to offer more opportunities for on-the-job training.

The paper is based on data from the European Social Survey and the European Labour Force Survey.