VET content division into modules based on learning outcomes has been initiated by the 2010-15 ESF project for developing sectoral qualifications systems and raising the efficiency and quality of VET. The project structured the so-called core occupations, linked occupations and specialisations of 14 sectors according to EQF levels, allowing labour market relevant competences to be acquired in successive modules. In 2016, half of the modules were tested in schools. Further development of modular programmes is now supported by the 2016-21 ESF project aiming to advance sectoral qualifications systems.
In June 2017, the parliament adopted amendments to VET law, defining modules as part of professional qualifications. Modules are based on learning outcomes: sets of knowledge, skills and competences. Each module should include goals, tasks, learning outcomes, content, assessment criteria and procedure, and teaching/learning methods and aids.
Modular VET programmes lead to qualifications at EQF levels 2 to 4. Completing one or several modules allows learners to acquire a certificate that indicates module(s) and learning outcomes achieved but not a full qualification. This will help reduce early leavers from VET and aid recognition of skills gained outside formal education.
In September 2017, the government amended VET standards to incorporate modules in compulsory vocational content and promote acquisition of competences included in occupational standards and professional qualification requirements.