Cedefop is committed to reducing its environmental impact by reducing paper consumption. Our publications are no longer available in hard‑copy format. You can access and download all our published titles online through our website.
Subscribe to receive news and updates on our work.

Vocational education and training (VET) is, by tradition, central to France’s adopted priorities: guilds first appeared in the Middle Ages and apprenticeship in the 19th century.

The development of lifelong learning in the early 1970s was based on long-standing and highly diverse adult education practices that are the foundation of continuous education.