The mismatch between skills and jobs does not affect everyone in the same way. Cedefop’s most recent research paper, ‘Migrants, minorities, mismatch? Skill mismatch among migrants and ethnic minorities in Europe’ shows that migrants from outside the EU typically find jobs beneath their real skills level (‘overeducation’), while ethnic minorities are more likely to lack the educational level required by jobs (‘undereducation’).
Minimising the mismatch between skills and jobs is good for individuals as well as for our economies, as it leads to better use of human potential. Accordingly, the report makes policy suggestions, such as setting common standards for the recognition of third-country qualifications, improving access to employment and encouraging companies to offer more opportunities for on-the-job training.