There are a range of different models of work-based learning and close-to real simulations. These include:
- Apprenticeships (that formally combine / alternate company-based training with school-based education)
- School-based VET with on-the job training periods in companies (internships, work placements, traineeships)
- Work-based learning / work tasters in a school (on-site labs, workshops, printing press, kitchens, restaurants, junior or practice firms, simulations or real business / industry projects)
Work-based learning / work tasters in a school are especially important as they allow young people to ‘taste’ different occupational areas prior to their formal transition from education to employment. These measures enable young people develop their employability skills and experience work cultures before making concrete decisions on their career progressions.
Work-based learning / work tasters in a school can be used as bridging programmes for those students who cannot find a regular apprenticeship in countries where there is a lack of placements.
Opportunities to try different occupational areas can be designed to reflect the interests, needs and capabilities of the young person. They could include activities and sufficient time for young people to prepare for the workplace (application forms, taking part in an interview, briefing sessions). They should allow for young people to reflect on their experience of the workplace – the type of work undertaken, skills learnt and on the strengths and aptitudes they have shown.