Cedefop initiated the review, which took place between October 2017 and October 2018, and looked at the apprenticeship scheme at upper secondary level. This report presents the key findings and suggestions for action to develop apprenticeship training at upper secondary in the medium and long term. The underlying analysis largely relies on information collected from different categories of stakeholder at different levels, and in-depth discussions with a national panel of experts. The report presents suggestions for action organised under mid- and long-term scenarios. These include developing a comprehensive vision and a clearer identity of the scheme within the education and training system, by working on an umbrella legislative framework; and a short-term scenario, to improve the existing apprenticeship scheme, mostly by improving certificate transparency and by working on cooperation among training providers and between the latter and companies.
Since May 2014, Cedefop has carried out Thematic Country Reviews on Apprenticeships in five volunteer countries: Lithuania and Malta as part of a first wave (2014-2015); Greece, Italy and Slovenia as part of a second wave (2015-2017). Cedefop has carried out a third wave of reviews in two more countries, Cyprus and Croatia, and piloted a lighter version of the TCR (flash TCRs) in Belgium (French-speaking Community) and Sweden.