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The European inventory on validation of non-formal and informal learning is a regularly updated overview of validation practices and arrangements across Europe. It is compiled in cooperation with the European Commission and ETF. The inventory was endorsed by the Council recommendation of 2012 on validation and works together with the European guidelines as a tool to support countries in developing and implementing validation arrangements.

A rich source of information, the inventory informs dialogue and learning between countries and stakeholders developing and implementing validation in Europe. Our key objective is to support Member States so that more learners and workers can acquire and make visible new skills, which will support their career and further learning and improve their quality of life.

The 2018 update of the inventory is a unique record of how validation is being used nationally, regionally and locally across Europe. It contains the state of play and an overview of developments for 36 countries, illustrated by good practice examples. You will also find thematic reports on key issues in designing and implementing validation initiatives, plus three international case studies. The inventory is the result of a three-year process based on the work of a large network of national experts, extensive review of documents, and interviews with key stakeholders.

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Synthesis reports



Country reports

Austria Austria

Greece Greece

Poland  Poland

Belgium (FR) Belgium (FR)

Hungary  Hungary

Portugal Portugal

Belgium (NL) Belgium (NL)

Iceland Iceland

Romania  Romania

Bulgaria Bulgaria

Ireland  Ireland

Slovakia  Slovakia

Croatia  Croatia

Italy  Italy

Slovenia Slovenia

Cyprus Cyprus

Latvia  Latvia

Spain  Spain

Czech Republic Czechia

Iiechtenstein Liechtenstein

Sweden  Sweden

Denmark  Denmark

Lithuania Lithuania

Switzerland Switzerland

Estonia  Estonia

Luxembourg Luxembourg

United Kingdom (England and Northern Ireland) United Kingdom (EN NI)

Finland  Finland

Malta Malta

United Kingdom (Scotland) United Kingdom (SC)

France France

Netherlands  Netherlands

United Kingdom (Wales) United Kingdom (WA)

Germany Germany

Norway  Norway


Reports compiled in
cooperation with ETF

 Kosovo Montenegro Turkey  Turkey
Liechtenstein North Macedonia  


Thematic reports

       Validation and open educational resources 

Bridging the gap                              Digital forms of assessment



Social partners involvement            Validation for migrants/refugees  



Validation and upskilling pathways


Case studies

Past Inventory updates
2016, 2014, 2010, 2008, 2005, 2004


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