The practice involves a variety of actions to:
- Accompany the subjective construction of the learner throughout schooling
- Accompany the choice of post-compulsory study options
- Enable access to basic skills through specific projects
- Improve coexistence and participation
Guidance starts at the transition from primary to compulsory secondary education. At this point, the individual needs of learners are taken into account when designing the groups and the educational actions, and designating tutors.
There are two types of tutoring activities:
- Each group of students has one hour per week of tutoring led by the ‘group tutor’. The aim is to help learners in their subjective construction, their relationship with others and the environment, their copying with difficulties, and development of responsibility. Tutoring sessions focus on the following topics: social cohesion and coexistence, co-education, environment, health, social skills, academic guidance, and post-school guidance.
- There is also individual tutoring. The so-called ‘guiding tutor’ has 12-15 learners with whom s/he needs to establish a personal relationship, and monitor their academic life.
The focus of the tutoring activities varies across education levels. Work with families is included in all cases. Project work is used to address the needs of learners with special needs. Current projects include the ecologic orchard, the school library and a mindfulness workshop.
There is also a project for students in the last year of compulsory secondary education who struggle with the ordinary curricula and academic work. They are offered a professionally oriented path which links to upper secondary VET programmes. The project involves an agreement with the city council to find training placements for weekly workshops with companies or professionals in different sectors.
During each school year and, in particular at the end of it, there is a reassessment of needs to be able to optimise educational actions and personal guidance. The process is finalised at the end of each educational stage, and the aim is to ensure that the learner continues in education and training.