Brexit Disclaimer
This website as well as the publications and online tools accessible via this website may contain UK data and analysis based on research conducted before the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union on 31 January 2020. EU averages or other statistical parameters including the UK reflect the situation in the European Union before 31 January 2020 and should not be considered as representative of the situation in the EU thereafter. Any data or information pertaining to the UK will be gradually phased out from Cedefop’s website, publications and online tools, as ongoing research projects with the United Kingdom’s participation are concluded. Data coming from UK were collected, processed and published before its withdrawal from the EU. Therefore, EU averages contain UK related data up to 2019.

This database is the main source of information about vocational education and training (VET) systems in the European Union, Iceland and Norway.

It helps policy makers, social partners, researchers and other stakeholders better understand similarities and differences of national VET systems through easy-to-navigate up-to-date descriptions that are structured by theme. The database also contains detailed information about each VET programme type, including qualification levels, share of work-based learning, providers, target groups, etc.

Cedefop has designed, piloted and populated the database in close cooperation with national partners with the view to provide access to VET system information for all but also to meet specific needs of users. These needs were identified during the pan-European ex-ante evaluation that preceded the development of the database.  

Data collection for this database is being supported by ReferNet – a network of institutions across Europe representing all Member States, plus Iceland and Norway. The network is partly financed by the European Union and provides Cedefop with information and analysis on national vocational education and training.

Cedefop populated the database for the first time in 2019. Updates are foreseen every two years. The database will also contain the historical data.

Please cite as:

Cedefop; ReferNet (2019). Vocational education and training in Europe [database]. www.cedefop.europa.eu/en/tools/vet-in-europe. ISSN 2600-0504

Information about how to cite individual country data is included in downloadable PDF reports. Click on ‘download report’ from the country page to access them.

The opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Cedefop. Reproduction is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged.  

Contributors

Cedefop: Dmitrijs Kuļšs (project manager, concept, design, working with data and testing), Loukas Zahilas and George Kostakis (supervision), Nancy Toussaint, Michail Ioannidis and Stella Papargeris (development support), Silke Gadji, Nikolaos Georgiadis, Jelena Letica, Vicky Oraiopoulou and Iraklis Pliakis (testing and working with data), Alessandro Tronconi and Stephen Schindler (support).   

ReferNet National partners (testing, data supply and validation) https://www.cedefop.europa.eu/en/content/national-partners