Policy developments in Estonia

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Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To support the development of competences that create more added value, to improve continuing training and retraining opportunities, including WBL, to respond swiftly to the development needs of the world of labour and ensure that people are equipped with the right knowledge and skills for employment.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

Developing WBL and practical training includes the following measures:

  1. VET and higher education development programme PRÕM+, empowering professional associations and enterprises to provide WBL and apprenticeships and expand WBL;
  2. quality assurance of WBL and practical training.

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
ID number
44315
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To support the systematic and flexible linking of education and the labour market by improving the system of labour market monitoring and future skills forecasting OSKA, reforming the professional qualifications system and integrating them into a system of labour market monitoring and future skills forecasting, OSKA as well as in the domains of systemising and description of skills, and matching, assessment and recognition of skills.

Development of the labour market monitoring and...

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The following measures are foreseen:

  1. development of the professional qualifications system, modernisation of professional standards and the creation and implementation of skills profiles;
  2. creating, developing and supporting the implementation of a skills classification and competences catalogue in VET;
  3. further development of the jobs and skills forecasting system OSKA, updating of the methodology for general analysis and sectoral surveys, extension of analytical capacity;
  4. supporting...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Estonian Qualifications Authority
ID number
44313
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To ensure the supply of teachers and trainers, and support specialists.

To empower teachers, heads of schools and other staff in VET to provide quality education and training.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In order to develop the competences of teachers, trainers and heads of school, the following measures are foreseen:

  1. building the capacity of schools to develop the content of VET, including curriculum development and in-service training for vocational teachers;
  2. pedagogical-methodological in-service training courses (including special pedagogy and andragogy) for VET teachers, in-service training in digital pedagogy for vocational teachers;
  3. field-related training for vocational teachers,...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Education and Youth Board
ID number
44309
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To develop and implement a holistic approach to supporting learners with SEN or migrant background, and to diversify training provision for vulnerable groups, in order to prevent inequalities and segregation, exploiting every individual’s potential to the fullest.

To reduce the general risk of exclusion of young people and ensure the fastest and smoothest possible return of the young not in education, employment or training (NEET) to the education system or the labour market.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The following measures are foreseen:

  1. diversifying professional and training choices for vulnerable groups;
  2. supporting SEN learners in schools and in providing employment supported by guidance and counselling;
  3. supporting students with a native language other than Estonian, including those from a migrant background, in learning Estonian and providing additional Estonian language tuition;
  4. reforming support systems for SEN students, including aligning information systems to support...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Education and Youth Board
ID number
44295
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To broaden workforce knowledge and skills related to the green economy, and to address skills gaps to support the green and digital transitions in VET.

The development of population´s digital skills is guided by national targets set in the Education strategy 2021-35:

  1. the share of 16 to 24-year-olds with digital skills above the basic level should increase to 90% by 2035 (2019: 76.2%)
  2. the percentage of 16 to 74-year-olds with digital skills above the basic level should increase to 60% by...

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The following measures are envisaged:

  1. developing the principles for skills-based curriculum development in VET;
  2. developing principles for addressing the skills needed for the green transition, including competences supporting the development of environmental awareness in VET;
  3. a total of 2 830 people to be trained in VET, higher education and continuing education under the green transition actions in 2022-24;
  4. a total of 2 000 people to be trained in VET, higher and continuing education as...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
ID number
44132
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To improve the quality of VET and diversify its learning opportunities through internalisation and learning mobility.

To monitor and further expand the use of mobility opportunities.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The following measures are foreseen:

  1. promoting learning mobility in VET: supporting the internationalisation of VET, including support for the implementation of Europass, improving data collection and analytics, monitoring and analysis of learning mobility;
  2. participating in Erasmus+ and other development and cooperation projects, and mobility schemes to mobilise best international experience;
  3. participating in EU-level debate and development activities on the creation of key profiles for...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Erasmus+ and European Solidarity Corps Agency
ID number
41185
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To keep pace with the rapidly changing world of labour, and to ensure equal access to high-quality education irrespective of learners' social and cultural backgrounds, age and gender, it is necessary to increase coherence between, and the flexibility of, different levels and types of education. The dividing lines that prevent permeability between formal, non-formal and informal learning, as well as between general and vocational education, need to be reduced.

To create opportunities for...

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In order to ensure flexible learning opportunities, accessibility of high-quality education and training, and supported learning with the aim of reducing drop-out and early leaving rates and exploiting every individual's potential to the fullest, the following measures are foreseen:

  1. developing and implementing a common standard for secondary education to integrate general and vocational secondary education;
  2. updating the Standard of vocational education and specifying the differences...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Estonian Qualifications Authority
ID number
41131
View details
Estonia Regulation/Legislation

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To develop a well-functioning and sustainable work-based learning (WBL) system involving employers, and to create flexible and appropriate forms of study for young people and adults for obtaining a qualification.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

Work-based learning is developed under the Labour market and education cooperation programme.

In Estonia, WBL (apprenticeships) is defined as a form of study where work practice comprises at least two-thirds of the volume of the curriculum. The apprenticeship system was introduced in 2006 (updated in 2014) and the number of WBL learners, fields of study and qualification levels have gradually increased. In 2019, the share of WBL learners was, on average, 8% of all VET students and over 12%...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Estonian Employers' Confederation
  • Innove Foundation (until 2020)
  • Education and Youth Board
ID number
35356
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To increase the responsiveness of VET schools to changes in the regional labour market, and to establish better preconditions for cooperation between VET schools, employers and local governments. For learners, the amendments aim to broaden their choices and improve the regional accessibility and quality of VET.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The financing model for VET has been renewed and amendments to the Vocational Education Institutions Act were adopted in 2018. They came into force in 2019. Financing principles were changed to increase VET institutions’ motivation and autonomy. The system of State-commissioned study places was abolished and replaced by the number of training places in areas of national importance being negotiated separately with each school and school council, based on OSKA's recommendations and regional...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • VET Council
ID number
35333
View details
Estonia Regulation/Legislation

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The overall objective of the strategy is to equip the population of Estonia with the knowledge, skills and attitudes that prepare people to fulfil their potential in their personal, occupational and social life, and contribute to promoting both the quality of life and global sustainable development.

Three strategic goals have been set to achieve the general objective:

  1. learning opportunities are diverse and accessible and the education system enables smooth transitions between levels and...

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The education strategy applies an integrated approach to the development of the education system to make better use of Estonia’s high-quality education for the benefit of people, society and the economy.

It continues to support the contemporary approaches to teaching and learning, considers rapid technological developments, strives to ensure the next generation of teachers and the renewal of teachers’ roles, and it focuses more on the skills policy, including a clearer division of the roles...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
ID number
29880
View details
Estonia Strategy/Action plan

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The aim of the programme was to align the assessment and development of teachers and school leaders with the contemporary learning approach, considering the needs of the learner and developing creativity and innovation. The programme aimed to establish a multilevel CPD (continuous professional development) scheme for teachers and school leaders.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The programme was adopted in 2015 and addresses teachers and school leaders at all levels and types of education, including VET. It has devoted resources to teacher training, including digital competences and innovative approaches in VET. The following actions have been taken:

  1. schools were supported to improve the integration of general and vocational learning and promote key competences;
  2. the share of teachers with practical experience and labour market qualifications was increased;
  3. VET...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Innove Foundation (until 2020)
  • Education and Youth Board
ID number
28178
View details
Estonia Strategy/Action plan

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To promote adult education and broaden learning opportunities for adults.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The activity is part of the National adult education programme. In 2017-18, nine projects were set up for equipping adults with social and learning skills, entrepreneurship competence, skills in foreign languages and Estonian for non-native speakers. The projects offer support and follow-up activities that increase the sustainability of learning outcomes and bridge the development of key competences and provide motivation for the continuation of studies in formal and non-formal education....

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Unemployment Insurance Fund
ID number
28177
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The aim of the programme is to apply modern digital technology in learning and teaching more efficiently and effectively, to improve the digital skills of the entire population and to ensure access to the new generation of digital infrastructure.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The first digital focus programme was implemented in 2016-18. By 2018, the incorporation of digital culture into education and learning activities was considered complete, but not yet systemised. The activities continued during the second programme period in 2019-22.

The programme is devoted to developing digital skills, digital learning resources and e-assessment through the following activities:

  1. incorporating a digital culture into the learning process;
  2. supporting digital learning...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Information Technology Foundation for Education (HITSA) (until 2020)
  • Education and Youth Board
ID number
28175
View details
Estonia Strategy/Action plan

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

An entrepreneurial mindset and entrepreneurship education are developed at all levels and in all types of education with the aim to contribute to the growth of graduates' competitiveness in the labour market.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In the Labour market and education cooperation programme, EUR 10 million has been devoted for 2015-20 to supporting the development of entrepreneurship competence at all levels and in all types of education (including teacher training). An entrepreneurial competence model and entrepreneurship education modules for EQF levels 2-5 were prepared and piloted in 14 VET schools.

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Education and Youth Board
ID number
28174
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The aim of the programme was to create high-quality, flexible and diverse vocational training opportunities for the Estonian population that meet their needs and abilities and the development needs of the labour market.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The programme was adopted in 2015. It is implemented through a single measure (Correspondence between lifelong learning opportunities and the needs of the labour market and increased participation in learning). Its main activities are:

  1. developing the quality and organisation of vocational education;
  2. planning of volumes of studies, provision of study places and students´ support measures;
  3. regional distribution of curriculum groups in vocational education institutions and modernisation of...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Information Technology Foundation for Education (HITSA) (until 2020)
  • Education and Youth Board
ID number
28173
View details
Estonia Strategy/Action plan

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The aim of the programme was to motivate adults to learn and to create high-quality, flexible learning opportunities that consider the needs of the labour market.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The programme was adopted in 2015 and comprises three measures:

  1. reintegration of adult dropouts into formal education and creation of preconditions for their retention in, and acquisition of, formal education;
  2. increasing access to non-formal training and improving the quality of training;
  3. development of the occupational qualifications system and creation and support of lifelong learning formats in adult education.

Under the first two measures, the adult education programme...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
ID number
28172
View details
Estonia Strategy/Action plan

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The objective of the programme is to alleviate labour shortages, prevent unemployment and shorten the duration of unemployment, with a special focus on the long-term unemployed or other vulnerable groups.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The Employment programme includes a package of measures for workers at risk of unemployment. The main target groups are:

  1. workers with no professional or vocational education;
  2. those whose skills are outdated;
  3. workers whose knowledge of Estonian is poor;
  4. those who are older than 50 years of age;
  5. workers who cannot continue their present work due to health issues.

The VET and training-related measures include:

  1. a study allowance scheme to support participation in VET and higher...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Ministry of Social Affairs
  • Unemployment Insurance Fund
ID number
28171
View details
Estonia Regulation/Legislation

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The overall goal of the plan was to establish a coherent and creative society by providing young people with ample opportunities for self-development and self-realisation. For this, youth policies must be more efficient and young people must have more choices to discover their own creative and developmental potential. They must have a lower risk of exclusion and they must be able to participate in decision-making.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In the Youth programme, measures and activities to achieve the overall goal of providing young people with ample opportunities for self-development and self-realisation are stipulated. For example, the programme offers services to (re)integrate young people not in employment, education or training (NEETs) into education, and to improve their employability. For this, youth workers locate NEETs (for example, through networking), motivate them, and provide them with individualised support.

...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Estonian Youth Work Centre
  • Education and Youth Board
ID number
28170
View details
Estonia Strategy/Action plan

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

Recognition of prior learning and validation of work experience aims to increase the permeability of the education system and to smooth transitions between levels and types of education, and to the labour market.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The development of RPL is a part of the Adult education programme. Since 2015, the Ministry of Education and Research has been widening access to education through:

  1. validation of previous experience;
  2. insertion of recognition-related data into the education database;
  3. more precise regulation for validating non-formal and informal learning in general education.

RPL principles have been developed and are regulated in higher education and vocational education acts.

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
ID number
28169
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To improve the link between education/training and the labour market, to increase consistency in the education and qualifications system, to introduce common quality assurance criteria, and to support validation of non-formal and informal learning. As the Estonian qualifications framework is linked to the European qualifications framework, it makes it possible to compare Estonian occupational qualifications with those of other European countries that have completed the process of relating...

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The EstQF was referenced to the EQF in 2011. Following the VET reform in 2013, the referencing report was revised and updated in 2016 to include developments in the education system.

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
ID number
28168
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To offer career counselling and information to the whole population on a unified basis to assist people in finding appropriate educational and work opportunities, making and carrying out choices.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In April 2018 the government decided to connect the career services of Innove Rajaleidja centres with the career service system of Eesti Töötukassa (the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund). The objective is to offer career counselling and information to the whole population on a unified basis. Since January 2019, Eesti Töötukassa has thus been providing career advice and career information services for everyone, including schoolchildren. The Ministry of Education and Research is still...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Unemployment Insurance Fund
  • Ministry of Social Affairs
ID number
28167
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To provide SEN learners with quality VET and ease their transition to the labour market.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

On the initiative of the Ministry of Social Affairs, a working group was set up from September 2015 to June 2016 to propose solutions for alleviating this transition for SEN students.

A joint action plan was agreed and is now being carried out by the education and the social affairs ministries. It aims at easing the transition of students with SEN between levels of education and from education to the labour market.

In July 2016, the terms of graduation in VET were also amended to allow for...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Social Affairs
  • Ministry of Education and Research
ID number
28166
View details
Estonia Regulation/Legislation

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The aim is to ease the transition of learners from compulsory education to VET and/or to the labour market.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The orientation year aims at easing the transition from compulsory education to VET and/or to the labour market. It is a preparatory study programme for young people who lack the skills or readiness to choose a profession.

Vocational orientation is targeted mainly at pupils with difficulties in deciding their field of studies, learners with SEN, learners who have dropped out from VET or upper secondary general education, NEETs, learners with a migrant background, or those lacking the basic...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Social Affairs
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Astangu Vocational Rehabilitation Centre
  • Innove Foundation (until 2020)
  • Unemployment Insurance Fund
  • Education and Youth Board
ID number
28165
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To set uniform requirements for VET curricula and qualifications.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The standard:

  1. describes the requirements for national and school curricula and curriculum groups in line with ISCED levels, their objectives and expected learning outcomes;
  2. determines the terms and conditions for recognising prior learning, volume of study and graduation requirements by initial and continuing VET curricula;
  3. defines requirements for teachers and trainers;
  4. assigns the national qualifications framework levels to VET qualification types.

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
ID number
28164
View details
Estonia Regulation/Legislation

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The aim of increasing financial support for VET learners is to prevent their dropout because of financial reasons.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In 2015, the study allowance for VET students was increased to prevent dropout for economic reasons. The terms and conditions for travel allowances were changed to remedy previous unequal access to this benefit. In 2016, accommodation allowances (up to EUR 50 per month) were introduced, in particular for VET learners in schools with no dormitory facilities, and for learners with special educational needs. As of December 2018, the target group benefiting from compensation for purchase of a...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
ID number
28163
View details
Estonia Regulation/Legislation

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The labour market needs monitoring and prognosis system, OSKA, provides information for formal education provision at all levels of education. The results of OSKA analyses form the basis for establishing qualifications, career information and guidance, curriculum development in education institutions and for the financing of education institutions and studies.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

OSKA analyses the developmental potential and labour requirements of different economic sectors in Estonia. Its surveys of sectoral needs for labour and skills use a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods. Both statistical data and information collected from personal interviews with sectoral experts and from group discussions are used. Five economic sectors are examined per year. Each sector is reanalysed every five to 6 years on average. The results of these analyses...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Estonian Qualifications Authority
ID number
28159
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

Regular overviews of labour market needs in different economic sectors, teachers´ and graduates´ satisfaction surveys and graduate tracking surveys provide input to policy development, planning of training provision and financing of VET and adult education.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The following regular surveys are conducted under the Labour market and education cooperation programme:

  1. satisfaction surveys;
  2. graduate tracking (including employability and income) surveys;
  3. analyses on labour requirements of different economic sectors (OSKA reports).

A student, teacher and graduate satisfaction surveys' wave was carried out in 2017-18. The results of the graduate satisfaction survey were published in 2017. Student and teacher survey reports were published in 2019.

A...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Estonian Qualifications Authority
ID number
28158
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The objective of the new quality assurance approach is to support continuous improvement in teaching and learning and quality assurance in VET institutions. Transforming the accreditation process into a quality assessment process aids the development of a learning-centred school culture and increases the credibility of VET.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

A working group was set up to review the national approach to quality assurance. The group was composed of representatives of the education ministry, employer and employee organisations, VET schools and other partners.

In 2017, the group presented a proposal concerning changes in the assessment criteria and in the procedures and principles for the quality assessment of VET. Based on the working group's proposal, and in line with the EQAVET Recommendation, amendments to the Vocational...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Estonian Quality Agency for Higher and Vocational Education (until 2022)
  • Estonian Quality Agency for Education
ID number
28157
View details
Estonia Regulation/Legislation

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The objective of promotional activities is to improve the image of VET, to provide up-to-date and accessible information on vocational training opportunities and to increase the awareness of general education students about these opportunities, so that more basic school graduates choose VET for their further studies.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The Labour market and education cooperation programme includes measures for raising the attractiveness of VET by providing information about VET opportunities, including apprenticeships, awareness raising activities such as media campaigns and national skills competitions and participation in WorldSkills, regional and local career fairs.

For 2015-18, EUR 2.14 million was allocated from the EU (ESIF) and the State budget to improve the image of VET.

In 2016-17, communication and marketing...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Estonian Employers' Confederation
ID number
28156
View details
Estonia Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The aim of the programme is to bring learning opportunities more in line with the development needs of the labour market.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The programme was adopted in 2015. It sets out a roadmap and offers a framework for increasing the qualification levels of the labour force, decreasing the structural labour shortage and enhancing the employability of graduates by responding better to changes in labour demand. A smoother transition from education to employment will be ensured and opportunities to participate in lifelong learning will be expanded.

The programme is implemented through a single measure (linking studies to the...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Research
  • Innove Foundation (until 2020)
  • Education and Youth Board
ID number
28155
View details
Estonia Strategy/Action plan

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VET System in Estonia

Statistical information in the VET policy dashboard: Estonia