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Anticipation for jobs and occupations

Policy Instrument

Anticipation for jobs and occupations

Prospective Métiers Qualifications (PMQ), since 2013 Réseau Emploi Competences (REC)



2001 - present


Fully operational

Completed and changed in 2013 by the Employment and skills network (REC)


Policy area

The aim is to anticipate the skills needs in the different occupations to design the initial vocational education programmes and vocational training programmes.

Policy goal

The aim is to anticipate the skills needs in the different occupations to design the initial vocational education programmes and vocational training programmes. All the results about future jobs and skills needs are published and disseminated to those responsible for education and training programmes within the whole country.


Explicitly designed to address skill mismatch

REC is a comprehensive programme about quantitative and qualitative trends in skills evolution, in which skill mismatches are emphasised.

Administrative level


Main responsible body

France Stratégie (a directorate under the Prime minister) and Ministry for Labour (DARES - Direction de l'Animation de la recheche, des Etudes et des Statistiques)


Ministries concerned (Ministries for Education, for Employment, for Health and social affairs, for Agriculture, for Youth). All these ministries have Vocational Commissions to determine the diplomas and certifications.
Regional councils have competence for vocational training concerning the jobseekers and have created "regional skills monitoring centres" (CARIF-OREF).
Social partners in the different sectors are in charge of Mutual Funds for training and adult education, and they have created sectoral skills monitoring centres.


Ministry budgets, regional budgets for the regional skills monitoring centres, and a compulsory tax paid by companies for the sectoral skills monitoring centres.

Intended beneficiaries

PMQ and REC are intended to have a general interest and are used by all the stakeholders of the education and training institutions and providers (ministries, regional councils, PES, sectoral and intersectoral mutual funds for employees and jobseekers training). The jobseekers are oriented through their PES counsellors, who used the REC results.


Use of labour market intelligence

The REC network gathers all the data and analysis from the Regional Skills monitoring centres and from the sectoral skills monitoring centres. They have all the data from the National Statistic institute and when necessary carry out specific studies.

Financial schemes

The head of the network "PMQ" and "REC" is financed by the government budget. The skills monitoring centres at the regional level are financed by the Regional councils. The skills monitoring centres at the sectoral level are financed through the mutualised funds in the different sectors, collected by the mutual funds named OPCA.

Frequency of updates

Every 3 years.


PMQ and REC are regularly improved by the different stakeholders and the data are updated.


The main difficulties were to gather data from different sources and to adopt common methodologies.

Success factors

The network REC and previously PMQ set up a shared prospective vision of the French economy needs in term of employment and skills. As a result of a very collaborative work process, all the different stakeholders make the most of the results.


For the REC : 200 institutions are involved, 5 workshops and 5 regular reports.


Slightly innovative

The methodology and the nomenclature are the innovative elements and will be maintained in the future.


Evidence of effectiveness

The PMQ instrument is used by the different partners and implemented at the regional and sectoral level (13 regions and around 30 sectors). The beneficiaries are composed of the active population, and mainly the jobseekers. For the latter, the instrument is mobilised for an extra training programme for jobseekers (the 2016 "500 000 extras jobseekers trained"). The results of this extra programme for jobseekers is under evaluation (results will be available in 2018).

Engagement of stakeholders

The Institution France Stratégie acts as the head of the network: 200 institutions involved in producing the analysis, providing the data and writing the different reports.


Easily transferable

A good example of partnership between all the stakeholders in order to anticipate skills needs. To have regional skills monitoring centres and sectoral skills monitoring centres working together and coordinated by a national body represents a good practice.


Yes, because PMQ was completed and coordinated with the regional skills monitoring centres, and the sectoral skills monitoring centres now have a long experience and is used by all the stakeholders.