In this paper, the authors explore the way(s) that information and communication technologies (ICT) might contribute to effective coordination of lifelong guidance and validation of non-formal and informal learning.
Based on 12 national practices, the paper illustrates the potential for connecting guidance with validation by embedding ICT tools in practice. The 12 practices were selected as examples of the interaction of validation and guidance, providing different forms of coordination between the two services. Eight main categories of ICT function are identified and the paper examines in what way these might contribute to the coordination of validation and guidance by improving their comprehensiveness, coherence and quality.
Mouratoglou, N. and Villalba-Garcia, E. (2022). Bridging lifelong guidance and validation of non-formal and informal learning through ICT operationalisation. Luxembourg: Publications Office. Cedefop working paper; No 8. http://data.europa.eu/doi/10.2801/692674
Bridging lifelong guidance and validation of non-formal and informal learning through ICT operationalisation