Cedefop has been working on validation of non-formal and informal learning since the early 1990s. At that time validation was a theme addressed by very few countries and considered to be of limited interest. Since then, interest has grown rapidly and validation is now high on the policy agenda in almost all European countries.


This report provides a brief introduction to and update of European developments in this important subject. Building on the extensive 2007 update of the European inventory on validation of non-formal and informal learning, the report captures some of the main trends in this field and outlines the main challenges facing us in validating non-formal and informal learning in the coming years.

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