The Directorate of Education is the legal body responsible for the recognition of studies and work experience; the District Commissioner is responsible for issuing the licence to practice a trade. The recognition is accompanied by a licence to work in the relevant regulated trade with all the privileges and responsibilities applied. The number of foreign applicants has been increasing steadily in recent years, a trend which was only halted during 2020/21 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
In 2022, 241 individuals entered the application process, and until early December 2022, 60 individuals had had their applications approved. In 2021, 144 individuals applied for qualification recognition, of which 86 applications were approved.
The recognition process
The recognition process comprises four steps:
- two training centres offering continuing VET (CVET) for several trades, which are organisations owned by the social partners, administrate the recognition process, which strictly involves checking relevant documentation, and assisting applicants (the process is controlled via a service contract with the Directorate of Education) – IDAN (Iðan) and Rafmennt;
- the training centres provide the Directorate of Education with a formal opinion (dictum) on each application;
- after receiving the formal opinion, the Directorate of Education decides whether to grant recognition, and issues a decision informing the applicant;
- the District Commissioner is then responsible for issuing a formal certificate/licence for the recognised qualification.
On some occasions, after a refusal of recognition, either IDAN or Rafmennt will assist the applicant in revising the application. They may also assess the skills of the applicant by means of a practical test. This can lead to permission to pursue further VET studies, or, if successful in the test, to have their qualification recognised and receive a licence in the regulated trade in which the exam was taken – a licence which offers better career and learning prospects.
The process of recognition of qualifications acquired abroad is not always accessible to potential applicants, usually due to language barriers (they do not speak Icelandic or another Nordic or a largely spoken European language).
To make the process more appealing to end-users, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour has recently submitted a parliamentary resolution that intends to revise the procedure, making it more accessible to foreigners who want to work in regulated trades in Iceland.