How can these skill needs be met?
The impact of these drivers will vary among the different sub-occupations of personal care workers.
Those working as teachers’ aids and overall in child care, will need to remain abreast of the technological innovations in learning while being adept in supporting children develop social skills. Their challenges and opportunities to develop their skills could be developed concomitantly with those of teaching professionals. Nonetheless, this sub-occupation bears less regulation limitations and requirements compared with teachers. Few EU Member States predict qualification or training requirements for all professionals that work in child care. Hungary offers an interesting example as all employees working directly with children/families and providing personal care, either social, child welfare or child protection workers, need to fulfil a compulsory six-year vocational training .
Personal care workers employed in health care will probably enjoy more employment demand, which should be paired however with training provision. For example, the qualification level and training of staff in long-term care can be a quality proxy for the overall service provided, especially where a specialised monitoring system is not in place .
More elderly patients, linked with chronic and multi-morbidity and a greater influence of IT formulate a framework of skills and competences that these workers increasingly need to perform well. These skills may be purely technical (e.g. IT), but also ‘soft’, such as communication, coordination, and collaboration between patients and all health professionals to fit in the new forms of health care provision.
Monitoring the quality of facilities offering care to children and the elderly would be prudent, to eliminate, among others, skills gaps, shortages, and mismatches. This holds for all occupations and sectors, however, quality of care towards the (augmenting) elderly cohort and that of children could be identified as a policy priority. Identifying and responding to any skill gaps of the workforce delivering health care can, not only support these workers employability but also facilitate the transition to more home care of patients .
“At EU level, there are several actions under development to assist Member States to better anticipate skills' needs and competences in the healthcare sector: an EU skills council in the area of nursing and care, which will review the competence profiles of the nursing and care sector, and a pilot health care assistants expert network and database  which will examine the scope of skills and competences required from healthcare assistants for uptake by national education and training programmes. In addition, the EU joint action on health workforce planning will develop European guidelines on forecasting methodologies and analyse future skills need in the healthcare sector.”
Source: European Commission, Commission Staff Working Document on an Action Plan for the EU Health Workforce, 2012