The OSKA system creates a cooperation platform, which enables the exchange of information between employers and training providers and educational institutions to comprehensively analyse the growth potential of different economic sectors and their needs, and to facilitate the planning of education provision at different levels of education and by types of school, as well as in the fields of retraining and in-service training.
Legal base (E.g. Law, regulation, implementing provision, other)
The regulatory framework for OSKA is provided in the Estonian Professions Act
TIMESPAN: In what year did the initiative commence?
PERSPECTIVE: is the initiative based on evidence derived from skill forecasts or foresight activities?
The task of the Sectoral Expert Panels is to prepare forecasts of labour requirements and skills in OSKA sectors and it brings together the experts from among job creators, schools and public authorities. In general, the Sectoral Expert Panels have a deep insight into each sector and propose suggestions which may be addressed to a wide range of stakeholders, e.g. training providers, curricula developers. The outputs of the OSKA programme and activities are in the form of annual in-depth reports on individual economic sectors
To which POLICY AREAS(s) does the initiative apply?
VET and HE institutions, policy makers and career specialists can have a broad use OSKA intelligence, such as sectoral reports and information provided on employment, occupations and skills
Main responsible body
Main body or organisation with overall responsibility for the initiative.
Estonian Qualifications Authority
Other involved organisations
Which other organisations have a role in the initiative?
Ministry of Education and Research and several other ministries are members of the OSKA Coordination Council
National agencies can be involved as OSKA advisors or in sectoral expert panels.
Social partner: employer organisation
The Estonian Employer's Confederation is a member of the OSKA Coordination Council
Social partner: trade union
The Estonian Trade Union confederation is a member of the OSKA Coordination Council
Chambers of Commerce
The Estonian Chamber of Commerce and Industry is a member of the OSKA Coordination Council
Training providers can be involved as OSKA advisors or in sectoral expert panels.
Research centres, universities
Research centres and universities can be involved as OSKA advisors or in sectoral expert panels.
Who are the intended beneficiaries?
Policy makers and implementers, VET and HE institutions and career specialists are among main target groups of OSKA
SUCCESS FACTORS in the implementation
When building the programme, positive examples, advice and lessons learned from other countries were taken into account. There is cooperation between all stakeholders (regular, planned meetings; specific work schedule), and understanding about the necessity to create and participate in such a system..
BARRIERS in the implementation
There are target groups which need more specific information. There is a need to find a comprise between researchers and users' needs when providing specific and understandable data.
Monitoring and evaluation
MONITORING and EVALUATION: Is progress measured regularly? What are the indicators used to measure progress of the policy instrument? Have any evaluations been conducted?
The OSKA Coordination Council monitors the system through the Sectoral Expert Panels and annual reports are presented to the government. The first evaluation of OSKA's effectiveness and impact was conducted in 2018. The evaluation showed OSKA has been successful in creating practical and usable labour market intelligence for its target groups. Researchers highlight the relevance of OSKA as a comprehensive tool for managing future labour market and skill needs. Cedefop conducted a study to support Estonia in strengthening OSKA. It involved a close collaboration with OSKA stakeholders in identifying actions and planning next steps. Report is available https://www.cedefop.europa.eu/files/4183_en.pdf
UPDATES: whether there have been any major updates of the initiative since it has been implemented?
Once a year OSKA prepares a forecast for the next 10 years. There are continuous methodological improvements and actions towards improving the dissemination of OSKA results.
EVIDENCE ON EFFECTIVENESS: How effective is the policy instrument?
It is the main skills anticipation initiative and supports developing better training and re-training offer. It supports evidence based decision making across sectors.
SUSTAINABILITY: How sustainable is the policy instrument? Do you expect the instrument to continue over the next few years and why?
It is expected that the instrument will continue functioning. The reason for this is that the implementation of OSKA system has both increased the involvement of stakeholders, and created a systematic process by which they can provide input into skills anticipation and give recommendations to upgrade competency standards. As the population is aging and the country is facing serious labour shortages in all economic sectors, it is necessary to have a systematic process (regular updates, involvement of relevant stakeholders, timely changes and revisions) through which educational and employment decisions are made.