Title Type of instrument Type of entry Level of operation Relevance Year of implementation
Adaptation credit

Companies receive public contributions to their training costs in the form of hourly flat-rate financial subventions per worker (6 EUR per worker). SMEs and businesses located in the so-called "development areas" receive additional funding.

Grant for companies Single instrument Regional Key scheme 2004
Adaptation credit - tutelage section

Companies in the Walloon region may receive public grant to cover costs of training their employees. The amount granted to the company is EUR 10 per hour of training, with EUR 1 per hour increase if the person trained is low skilled. The maximum amount the company may receive is EUR 80 000 over a period of 2 years. Training programme should last from 6 months to 1 year.

Grant for companies Single instrument Regional Key scheme 2004
Cheque/voucher for training job seekers

Companies offering indefinite contracts to job seekers or job seekers starting new business can apply for this public grant. The public co-funding share is 50% of the costs for education and training. Training courses/programmes provided by accredited training institutions are eligible.

Grant for companies Single instrument Regional Key scheme 2004
Individual apprenticeship

Companies willing to hire specific groups of people (such as the unemployed, handicapped persons or persons with insufficient knowledge of Dutch, who then receive language training) may receive public contributions to the costs of their training. The employer develops a training plan for each person. In addition, the person may follow external training which is related to the job the person is aiming at. The share of co-funding and the maximum amount are variable, depending on the job and the minimum wage.

Grant for companies Single instrument Regional Key scheme 2009
Paid education leave

Private sector workers have the right to short paid educational leave, up to 120 working hours. The scheme provides for the continued payment of salary by the employer to the employee and the possibility for the employer to apply for compensation from the State. Employees on training leave have the right to receive their normal wage, if appropriate. The scheme is capped at EUR 2 706 of a gross monthly salary and does not contain any arrangements for coverage of fees, travel or accommodation costs.

Training leave Single instrument Regional Key scheme 1985
Paid training leave

This scheme enables employees in the private sector to be absent from work in order to follow education and training courses/programmes while continuing to receive their salaries. The maximum duration of the leave is 180 working hours. The employer continues paying the salary and is reimbursed after completion of the training leave. The reimbursement is based on hours spent on training leave a wage of EUR 2 653 as a maximum.

Training leave Single instrument Regional Key scheme
Payback clause

Employers and employees can agree on a payback clause. In compensation for employer-provided/financed training, employees commit themselves to stay in the company for an agreed period or (partially) pay back the costs of training. The payback clause must be agreed on in an individual agreement and must not be part of the general working contract or the collective agreement. The duration of the payback clause must not exceed 3 years (from the moment of completion of training).

Payback clause Single instrument National Key scheme 1978
SME portfolio

SMEs and self-employed persons active in particular sectors/occupations selected by the Flemish Government (BvR) can apply for contributions to their training costs. The eligible education and training activities have to improve the current and future performance of core functions of the enterprise. Co-funding is 50% of the eligible costs.

Grant for companies Single instrument Regional Key scheme 2009
Strategic transformation support

All companies are eligible to receive public grant, but they need to present (either as a single company or in cooperation with others) a large-scale development plan. Education and training related to such development plan are elgible for funding. Training projects need to have a minimum value ranging from EUR 100 000 to EUR 700 000 depending on the type of company or network of companies. Co-funding is between 20% and 25% of eligible costs.

Grant for companies Single instrument Regional Key scheme 2013
Time credit

The scheme enables employed persons that have been employed at a company for at least 2 years to reduce their work duties to follow an education or training programme. The federal PES provides a financial support during enrolment in education and training. The leave can last up to 3 years. The minimum workload is 360 hours per year (or an equivalent for a shorter period of time).

Training leave Single instrument Regional Marginal scheme 2001
Training fund for electricians

Companies in the electro-technics sector are obliged by national law to contribute a fixed share of their payroll costs (0.75%) to a training fund and may receive contribution to their training costs in return. Courses provided by the fundĀ“s training centre are free of charge and employers receive compensation for the loss of working time. Each company gets a training budget per employee of EUR 15.50 per training hour with a maximum of 8 hours each year (EUR 124 per year).

Training fund Example for a group of instruments Sectoral 1991
Training fund for household/personal services

Companies in the sector of household/personal services receive a fixed amount of money (flat-rate of EUR 14.50 per hour) from a training fund for training their employees. Additional funding for course fees is available.

Grant for companies Example for a group of instruments Sectoral, Regional Marginal scheme 2007
Training voucher

Companies located in the French-speaking Walloon Region may receive vouchers, co-funded by PES, for training their employees. A training voucher with a validity period of 1 year can be purchased for EUR 15 and is worth EUR 30 (including VAT). Depending on the size of the company, the number of training vouchers the company may obtain varies between 100 and 800. Training vouchers cannot be combined with other aid granted by the Walloon Region. Only the courses/programmes provided by accredited training institutions are eligible.

Grant for companies Single instrument Regional Key scheme 2004
Training vouchers

Employees without higher education degree may apply for public contribution (vouchers) to cover their education and training costs. Employees with a higher education degree are also eligible provided that education and training that they follow are a part of their personal development plan agreed with an accredited personal development coach/centre. The voucher scheme does not apply to the self-employed, persons with a student contract, adults aged below 25 and persons with a working contract of less than 80 hours per month. All kinds of education and training are eligible. Employers can buy vouchers paying 50% of their nominal value , which may not exceed EUR 250 per year.

Grant for individuals Single instrument Regional Key scheme 2003
Training-job insertion plan

Companies can deduct from their taxable profits the costs for training jobseekers. The objective of the scheme is to allow the jobseeker to acquire necessary skills to be integrated/employed in the company providing training. Employer does not pay a salary to the trainees but an "incentive" stipend (prime d'encouragement) which is excluded from social security taxation. The tax deduction is calculated from the difference between the taxable remuneration and the unemployment benefits.

Tax incentive for companies Single instrument Regional Key scheme 1997