Q5. Relevant information that is essential to understanding the specificity of apprenticeships in the country and which does not fit under the scheme specific sections below.
Employers with more than five employees must contribute to the so-called Employers Reimbursement Scheme (Arbejdsgivernes Uddannelsesbidrag - AUB) irrespective of whether they have apprentices or not. The funds are used to compensate employers with apprentices for the extra costs they have for this (e.g. wages of apprentices during school periods).
Funds from the AUB are also used to finance the PIU-scheme (Praktik I Udlandet) which gives apprentices (also VET students who have not yet signed an apprenticeship contract) the possibility to do part or all of their placements abroad. Apprentices may receive grants of up to DKK 32,000 (EUR 4,300) per year. The law on VET makes it possible to recognise this as an integral part of their apprenticeship.
Basic vocational training (Erhvervsgrunduddannelse/EGU) is a lower-secondary scheme for young people who are not able to enter mainstream VET (i.e. apprenticeship) via other lower secondary programmes. It is alternance-based and lasts for two years. It uses work placements that are remunerated, but EGU confers no formal qualifications on the participants.
Other types of workplace training are used in higher VET programmes (academy professions programmes, KVU, EQF level 4-5: one or two semesters in a company) and in Vocational bachelor programmes (EQF level 4-6: two to four periods in a company). In these programmes, most students go to different workplaces during their education.