Q5. How well-established are apprenticeships in your country?
A long history
A recent history (in 2000s)
No history yet, they are still to be established as a pathway
Since medieval times, apprenticeships have been the dominant form of VET.
Q6. Additional information to understand the specificity of apprenticeships in the country
All employers with more than 5 employees must contribute to the so called Employers Reimbursement Scheme (Arbejdsgivernes Uddannelsesbidrag - AUB) irrespective of whether they have apprentices or not. The funds are used to compensate employers with apprentices for the extra costs they have for this (e.g. wages of apprentices during school periods).
Funds from the AUB are also used to finance the PIU-scheme (Praktik I Udlandet) which gives apprentices (also VET-students who have not yet signed an apprenticeship contract) the possibility to do part or all of their placements abroad. Apprentices may receive grants of up to DKK 32,000 (EUR 4,300) per year. The law on VET makes it possible to recognise this as an integral part of their apprenticeship.