Most countries see the European credit system for vocational education and training (ECVET) as an instrument to enable cross-border mobility of vocational students. Hundreds of transnational pilot projects are in place, largely funded by the EU. However, Cedefop’s report concludes that for ECVET to go a step further and contribute to recognition of learning outcomes and allow accumulation of credits towards qualifications, it needs to be firmly and fully integrated into national lifelong learning policies and aligned with evolving validation practices. The briefing note is available in nine languages (Spanish, German, Greek, English, French, Italian, Lithuanian, Polish and Portuguese) and in two formats: Pdf or eBook optimised for tablets and smartphones.