Cedefop, together with the Belgian Presidency of the Council of the EU, is organising the 16th Cedefop Brussels Seminar as a physical event.

These seminars, organised in cooperation with the rotating EU Presidencies, build on the research carried out by Cedefop and address issues relevant to European debates on education, training and employment.

The June 2024 seminar will address the main skill challenges associated with the transition towards human-centric EU workplaces as opposed to one governed mainly by artificial intelligence (AI) technologies.


The Brussels seminar aims at addressing the following key questions:

  • To what extent are European workers developing and using AI technologies as part of their work?
  • In which sectors and occupations are European workers more likely to experience changing skill needs due to the adoption of AI technologies at work?
  •  Are European workers adequately prepared for the AI revolution or are AI skill gaps prevalent? Are these being met by effective upskilling or reskilling investments?
  • What role for social dialogue in facilitating human- as opposed to AI-centric workplaces?

To give evidence-based answers to such questions, Cedefop carried out its first AI skills survey in spring 2024. Collecting information from random samples of adult workers in European workplaces, the survey - a follow-up to Cedefop’s second European skills and jobs survey (ESJS2), provides first robust insights into AI skill demands in European labour markets, the extent to which European companies adopt labour-friendly management practices and how AI-ready the skills of European workers are.   

The event will be held in English.

Participation is by invitation only.


Monday 24 June 2024

Welcome and scene setting

  • (tbc), Belgium Presidency of the Council of the European Union
  • Jürgen Siebel, Executive Director, Cedefop

Moderator: Antonio Ranieri


AI in European workplaces

  • AI and the EU skilling challenge: first insights from Cedefop’s AI skills survey, Konstantinos Pouliakas, Cedefop and Nicolas Becuwe, Verian
  • AI and skills in the workplace: why is ‘machine learning’ a misnomer?  Anoush Margaryan, Copenhagen Business School
  • Q&A

Moderator: Giulia Santangelo


Learning for AI                                                      

  • Investing in the skills of an AI-ready workforceGiulia Santangelo, Cedefop
  • Automation and upskilling of European workersSeamus McGuinness, ESRI and Trinity College Dublin
  • How prepared are EU VET systems for AI?, (tbc)
  • Q&A

Moderator: Konstantinos Pouliakas

12.00-12.15 Break

Panel discussion: AI-ready VET systems?

A panel discussion followed by Q&A and discussion involving the audience

  • (tbc), European Commission (DG EMPL)
  • Agnes Roman (tbc), European Trade Union Congress (ETUC)
  • Robert Plummer, Business Europe
  • Carl Lamote, Flanders Department of Education and Training
  • Yves Magnan, Le Forem, Wallonia Public Employment Service

Moderator: Jasper van Loo

13.00 End of the event


Jürgen Siebel is the Executive Director of the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop) and joined the Agency from the private sector in September 2019.

He is responsible for managing the Agency’s operations in accordance with the strategic direction of its tripartite Management Board.

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With his management team and all staff, Jürgen has led Cedefop to strengthen its position as a go-to ally for the EU institutions, social partners, researchers and practitioners when it comes to analysing the impacts of megatrends on the labour market, on skills, and on training ecosystems – and on how vocational education and training enables a fair digital and green transition.

Jürgen has a background in human-resources management with particular emphasis on learning and education, earned his MSc in economics at the University of Hamburg, and his PhD in business administration from the University of Vienna.


Nicolas Bécuwe is a Senior Director at Verian, the leading international agency. He is an expert in multi-country evidence-based policy research. He has over 17 years of experience in the industry and has worked with Cedefop on vocational and skills research programmes since 2015. He has been leading the implementation and the delivery of the 2nd European Skills and Jobs survey (2nd ESJS Cedefop) and the European Training and Learning Survey (ETLS). He is currently responsible for the management of the European Vocational and Training Survey (EVTS) conducted among IVET teachers in the EU.

Anoush Margaryan is a Chaired Professor of Learning Sciences in the Department of Digitalization at Copenhagen Business School. She studies how people learn in digitally mediated workplaces.

She has researched workplace learning for 20+ years in a range of organisational domains, including in the energy, finance and higher education sectors and the platform economy.

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Current research interests include self-regulation of learning in the workplace (strategies, antecedents, factors) and skill requirements in AI-mediated work. Professor Margaryan has over 130 scientific publications, including 2 books.

She has led over 20 collaborative, interdisciplinary, intersectoral, international research projects as PI or Co-I, funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council, the World Bank, Shell, BP, ConocoPhilips, Centrica, Energy Institute, UK Higher Education Academy, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop) and the Volkswagen Foundation.

She has received international awards for research excellence such as Alexander von Humboldt Senior Fellowship, Excellence in Research to Practice Award from the American Society of Training and Development, and Shell Research Fellowship. Further details at www.anoushmargaryan.com.

photo McGuinness resized

Seamus McGuinness is a Research Professor and the Research Area Co-ordinator for labour market research at the Economic and Social Research Institute.

Prior to joining the Institute, he held posts at Queens University Belfast, the Northern Ireland Economic Research Centre and the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic & Social Research (University of Melbourne). He obtained his PhD in Economics from Queens University Belfast in 2003.

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His published research covers the areas of labour economics and the economics of education. He has also published research in the areas of industrial relations, small business economics, regional economics, and the economics of constitutional change in Ireland. He is a research fellow in the Institute of Labour Studies (IZA) in the University of Bonn and an Adjunct Professor in the department of economics at Trinity College Dublin.


Robert Plummer, Senior Adviser for Social Affairs, BusinessEurope

Robert is a senior adviser responsible for issues concerning migration and mobility, education and skills, social dialogue and the European Labour Authority.

Prior to joining BusinessEurope, Robert worked as a political adviser for the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) party.

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He attended Keele University in the UK and holds a Ph.D in industrial relations and human resource management, focusing on a comparative study of the demand for EU migrant workers in Sweden and the UK. He also has an MA in European industrial relations and human resource management and a BA in human geography and human resource management.

Konstantinos Pouliakas is an Expert on Skills and Labour Markets at Cedefop.


He leads the Agency’s Skills and Work team and is principal research manager of its Digitalisation and Future of Work and Skill Mismatch projects. His proudest achievement is the development of two waves of the Cedefop European Skills and Jobs Survey.

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He has been scientific advisor and author on skills anticipation and skill mismatch for the European Commission, the World Economic Forum, ILO and the Greek Ministry of Labour and is regular instructor for the ILO-ITC.

He is currently a core member of the scientific committee of Greece’s National Skills Commission.

Before joining Cedefop he held posts at the University of Aberdeen and the University of Cyprus and worked for the Bank of Greece and HM Treasury. He has been invited Professor at the Universita Degli Studi Roma TRE and Visiting Research Scholar at the International Monetary Fund (IMF). He is Honorary Senior Lecturer at the University of Aberdeen Business School and IZA Research Fellow. He holds an M.Phil from the University of Oxford (St. Antony’s College) and a D.Phil from the Scottish Graduate Program in Economics.

He has published widely in peer-reviewed economics journals (e.g. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Oxford Review of Education, Economica, Journal of Economic Surveys, Research in Labor Economics, Education Economics, International Labour Review).


Antonio Ranieri is Head of Department for VET and Skills at Cedefop.

He manages a team of European experts investigating skills trends and changes in the worlds of work and support the development and implementation of the Union policy in the field of vocational education and training. The Department work encompasses a wide range of research and policy analysis in two Cedefop strategic areas of operation, namely skills and labour market and learning and employability.

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An economist by training, Antonio has taught regional economics at the University of Rome since 2002. He also lectured at the National High School of Public Administration on cost-benefit analysis and public expenditure.

Prior to joining Cedefop, in 2010, he was Head of Research and Studies at the public services authority of the Municipality of Rome. Until 2007, he was Head of Area at CLES, an independent centre of studies on labour market and economic development based in Rome. In this capacity, he coordinated a number of key projects of the organization, including monitoring and evaluation of large-scale EU funded programmes, research projects on the green economy, job- and enterprise-creation, labour market analysis and skills development.

photo Santangelo for Dec22

Giulia Santangelo is an Expert in skills and workplaces at the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop), since 2022.

Before joining Cedefop, since 2013, she worked as researcher at the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission, in the Competence Centre on Microeconomic Evaluation (CC-ME), where she has been the coordinator of the Centre for Research on Impact Evaluation (CRIE).

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She has been a visiting research fellow at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, and a lecturer at the Doctoral School of Economics at Sapienza University of Rome.

She obtained a M.Sc. in Statistical Sciences and a Ph.D. in Economic Sciences at Sapienza University of Rome.

Her main research interests lie in the fields of labour economics, applied micro-econometrics, and policy evaluation.

Jasper Van Loo is coordinator of Cedefop’s department for VET and Skills.

He currently coordinates the labour market and skills analysis work of the agency. He is also part of the team investigating EU skills trends using online job vacancies.

He has a master degree in quantitative and general economics and holds a Ph.d. in social sciences.


Who is who
Konstantinos Pouliakas
Expert in skills and workplaces
Who is who
Ekaterina Tzolas
Assistant - stakeholder relations and events