Apprenticeship provision has a long history of enabling the transitions for young people from education into sustained skilled employment. Dependent on deep employer engagement, apprenticeships have proven to be an effective means of ensuring that the formative education and training of learners is well aligned to actual labour market needs.
In recent years, governments across Europe and the OECD have invested considerable resource in improving apprenticeship provision, introducing and reforming apprenticeships to reach ever more learners, both young people and increasingly adults. The consistent aim has been to ensure that apprenticeships are attractive to learners, to employers and to society, providing apprentices with skills demanded by employers while contributing to societal and economic well-being (OECD 2018). With countries developing apprenticeships within some very different policy approaches and national contexts (Cedefop, 2018), peer-learning opportunities are strong.
It is timely to look at the future of apprenticeship from the perspective of a number of external mega trends - such as socio-demographic changes, new technologies and new forms of work organisation, trends in education and training - and consider how they have affected (or will affect) the design and delivery of apprenticeship and policy approaches towards its provision.
Agenda and presentations
The following papers were presented and discussed. See the agenda and presentations below:
- New apprenticeship arrangements for a new world of work? - Erica Smith, Federation University Australia
- The Future of Apprenticeships in Europe: Three Scenarios - Dr. Philipp Grollmann, Federal Institute of Vocational Education, BIBB, Germany and Dr. Jörg Markowitsch, 3s Unternehmensberatung, Vienna, Austria
- Arranging relations between the vocational and academic system in a new way – socio-economic trends and their implications for the future of apprenticeships - Prof. Dr. Dieter Euler, University St.Gallen, Switzerland
- The development and implementation of a graduate apprenticeship programme – Stewart McKinlay, University of Strathclyde
- Going for attractiveness and excellence. A cross-country review of excellence in apprenticeship in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland - Isabelle Le Mouillour, Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training, Germany, Frédéric Berthoud, State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation, Switzerland and Franz Gramlinger, Austrian Reference Point for Quality Assurance in VET, Austria
- The Effect of Changing Entrance Requirements for VET Education on Low-Income Students - Shaun M. Dougherty, Vanderbilt University, USA and Jesper Eriksen, Aalborg University, Denmark
- Digitalisation of Apprenticeship in Germany – Regina Flake and David Meinhard, German Economic Institute
- Innovative learning cultures in apprenticeships in the Swiss telecommunication industry - Antje Barabasch, Swiss Federal Institute of Vocational Education and Training (SFIVET)
- Tensions and innovations: the impact on learning of Apprenticeships in ‘non-traditional’ organisational settings - Eleanor Andressen, Pearson, UK
- Collaborative training in the dual system: learning and working in a network of companies to meet training requirements more adequately - Isabelle Michel, Cepag, Belgium