Use the table and the filters below to gain an overview of NQF developments in Europe. It is possible to compare countries based on reporting year, stage of development and whether the NQF has been linked to EQF.

Country Reference year Scope of the framework Number of levels Level descriptors Legal basis/stage of development NQF linked to EQF NQF/EQF website Qualifications register/database
Albania 2020

Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training and lifelong learning qualifications for adults and people undertaking specialised courses for professional development.

Eight

knowledge, skills, wider competences

Website VET register
Belgium-FR 2020 Designed as a comprehensive framework; including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training and from the professional qualifications system. It currently includes vocational and secondary general education qualifications and qualifications awarded through validation at levels 2, 3, 4 and 5, as well as HE qualifications at levels 6 and 7. Eight knowledge / skills, context / autonomy / responsibility 2013 Website Qualifications register
Bosnia & Herzegovina 2020 Designed as a comprehensive NQF for lifelong learning including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training. Open to those awarded outside formal education and training. Eight knowledge, skills, competence Website
Bulgaria 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training. Eight plus a preparatory level knowledge, skills, competences (personal and professional) 2013
Croatia 2020 Designed as a comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training. It is a qualification and credit framework. Eight, with sublevels at levels 4, 7 and 8 knowledge, skills, autonomy and responsibility 2012 Website Qualifications register
Cyprus 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training and from the system of vocational qualifications. Eight, with sublevels at levels 5 and 7 knowledge, skills, competence 2017 Website
Greece 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training. Eight knowledge, skills, competence 2015 Website Greek qualifications register
Hungary 2020 Comprehensive NQF for lifelong learning encompassing all State-recognised national qualifications acquired in general education, HE, and the vocational qualifications in the national vocational qualifications register. Eight knowledge, skills, attitudes 2015 Website HuQF qualifications database
Iceland 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training, including certified adult learning. No qualification linked to EQF level 1. Seven, with sublevels at NQF levels 5 and 6 integrated level descriptors include knowledge, skills and competence 2013 Website
Italy 2020 Designed as a comprehensive framework; it will include all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training and regional qualifications. Eight knowledge, skills, autonomy and responsibility 2013 major national qualifications from formal education and training linked directly to EQF Website The Atlas of work and qualifications
Kosovo 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training and non-formal and informal learning. Eight knowledge, skills, wider competences 2016 Website Qualifications database
Liechtenstein 2020 NQF for vocational and professional qualifications (NQF-VPQ) and NQF for higher education. Eight Level descriptors of the NQF-VPQ:, knowledge, skills, competences (professional and personal) 2016 Website Supplements (with NQF/EQF levels)
Luxembourg 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training. Eight knowledge, aptitudes, attitudes 2012 Website Information on secondary education programmesRegister of higher education diplomas
North Macedonia 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training, and vocational qualifications. Eight, with sublevels at levels 5, 6, 7 knowledge and understanding, skills, competence 2016 Website Register of qualifications
Serbia 2020 Designed as a comprehensive and integrated NQF, including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training, and non-formal and informal learning. Eight, with sublevels at levels 6 and 7 knowledge, skills, abilities and attitudes 2020 It was referenced to the EQF in 2020 – now not indicated. Website National qualifications database
Slovakia 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training. Includes a sub-framework of occupational qualifications awarded outside the formal education system. Eight knowledge, skills, competences 2017 Website National qualifications register
Sweden 2020 Comprehensive NQF including all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training. Open to qualifications awarded outside the formal education system. Eight knowledge, skills, competence 2016 Website Register of qualifications
Turkey 2020 Designed as a comprehensive NQF; it will include all levels and types of qualification from formal education and training and from the national vocational qualification system. Eight knowledge, skills, competence 2017 Website TQF qualifications database