Policy developments in Spain

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Displaying 1 - 26 of 26 policy developments
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Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To strengthen the supranational exchange in quality assurance in vocational education and training in the European area, to provide more transparency and to provoke for further development in the subject area.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The 2020 Council Recommendation on VET calls on the EQAVET network to develop a specific methodology for EQAVET peer reviews, with the objective of supporting the improvement and transparency of quality assurance arrangements at system level in the member states. Over the course of 2021, with the support of DG EMPL and the EQAVET Secretariat, the EQAVET network agreed on a joint methodology and prepared a peer review manual. The quality assurance national reference points from 21 member...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Vocational Training
ID number
45288
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The State registry of training providers of the vocational training system for employment (Registro Estatal de Entidades de Formación del sistema de formación profesional para el empleo en el ámbito laboral) is conceived as an instrument of transparency and dissemination of the integrated information system to improve coordination and inter-administrative cooperation in the training for employment system.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

Order TMS/369/2019 harmonises the system of accreditation of all training providers. All vocational training providers authorised by the different competent authorities are integrated into one network through the State registry, which also ensures coherence with the Catalogue of training specialities (associated or not with professional certificates). The registry is used by the employment authorities to manage different services for different target groups. Only registered providers may...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • State Public Employment Service (SEPE)
ID number
29505
View details
Spain Regulation/Legislation

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The purpose of the new order is to regulate the structure and content of the catalogue and the procedure for its management and updating, so that it responds quickly to the training demands of emerging sectors and occupations. It aims to improve labour market transparency and unity as well as worker mobility.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

A training speciality consists of ‘the grouping of professional competences, contents, and technical specifications that respond to a set of work activities framed in a phase of the production process and related functions, or to the acquisition of transversal competences necessary in a professional environment and context’. The Order TMS/283/2019 foresees mechanisms for dissemination, monitoring and evaluation to ensure compliance with the objectives set. Accreditation procedures, career...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • State Public Employment Service (SEPE)
ID number
29501
View details
Spain Regulation/Legislation

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In order to set out Law 30/2015, with the change of government in 2018, a new approach started to develop, which seeks all major stakeholders to work together:

  1. setting up a national network, including social partners and VET representatives, based on identified sectors; 
  2. conducting innovative experimental approaches to vocational training;
  3. cooperating with qualifications and pedagogic institutes;
  4. establishing links with relevant external bodies and doing research.

The analysis of...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • State Foundation for Training in Employment (Fundae)
  • State Public Employment Service (SEPE)
ID number
29496
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To facilitate access to educational resources that are specifically used for distance learning or education processes.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In education authority VET, the education community can find and create structured teaching material ready to be downloaded and used by teachers and learners in Procomún, the Repository of open educational resources (OER) of the ministry, operated by the National Institute for Education Technologies and Teacher Training (INTEF). Another initiative is the Educational Technology Observatory, which provides a virtual library with articles for teachers written by teachers about how to use...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • National Institute of Education Technologies and Teacher Training (INTEF)
  • Ministry of Education and Vocational Training
ID number
28694
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In December 2018, the Council of ministers approved EUR 8.6 million (three times the previous budget), jointly financed by the European Social Fund, for VET teacher training, upskilling and mobility. The distribution criteria, agreed by the Autonomous Communities, take into account the number of teachers and the number of secondary schools and / or baccalaureate centres and / or VET centres.  CPD training provision for teachers also encompasses guidance practitioners.

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Council of Ministers
  • Ministry of Education and Vocational Training
ID number
28693
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

During 2017, discussions in relation to access to the teaching professions took place at a sectoral conference on education and a revision of legislation was agreed. The Educate for the 21st century forum was held on 6 November in which challenges and proposals on the teaching profession developed by experts over the last few years were presented. Agreement was reached on the need to moderate the recruitment of temporary staff (a consequence of the economic crisis). Greater stability in...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Vocational Training
ID number
28692
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The State Foundation for Training in Employment (Fundación Estatal para la Formación en el Empleo, Fundae) is testing big data techniques to improve skills anticipation and use them to design public training programmes in the short, medium and long term for the entire labour force.

A software tool is being developed to classify automatically the training actions (TTAA) that companies offer to their employees. To do this, automatic classification algorithms based on text mining are used to...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • State Foundation for Training in Employment (Fundae)
ID number
28691
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The purpose of the Common portfolio of services is to help workers find a job suitable to their characteristics and help employers to hire workers appropriate to their needs. It also will contribute to supporting professional and geographic mobility in order to correct the mismatches between employment supply and demand, collect and analyse the situation and evolution of the labour market, link with the unemployment protection system subject to the commitment of activity, and coordinate with...

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

Reference guides developing the common employment services portfolio were approved and published in 2018. These reference guides, developed jointly with the regions, comprise protocols for:

  1. career guidance; 
  2. qualification and training for employment; 
  3. self-employment and entrepreneurship;
  4. guidance and labour intermediation.

The qualification and training for employment protocol aims to promote training for up-skilling and reskilling and to facilitate transition to employment, in...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Labour and Social Economy
  • State Public Employment Service (SEPE)
  • Autonomous Communities (CC.AA.)
ID number
28690
View details
Spain Regulation/Legislation

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

Vocational training for employment in the labour scope was last reformed in 2015. The reform aimed at an efficient system for monitoring and prospecting the labour market, based on coordination of all actors (administrations, social agents, experts). It also aimed at:

  1. promoting the assessment of the impact of training (on accessing and maintaining employment);
  2. enhancing enterprise competitiveness;
  3. improving workers' skills;
  4. meeting labour market needs;
  5. ensuring efficient use of...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • State Public Employment Service (SEPE)
  • Autonomous Communities (CC.AA.)
  • Social partners (main businesses and trade unions organisations)
ID number
28689
View details
Spain Regulation/Legislation

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

Since September 2017, several collaboration agreements between the State Public Employment Service (Servicio Público de Empleo Estatal, SEPE), the education ministry, and 11 Autonomous Regions have been approved. The agreements allow for implementing work plans of 25 national reference centres (Centros de Referencia Nacional, CRNs), of the 52 planned. CRNs are public institutions specialised in the different professional branches, in charge of carrying out innovation and experimentation...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Vocational Training
  • Autonomous Communities (CC.AA.)
ID number
28688
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

During the fourth quarter of 2018, the National Institute of Qualifications (INCUAL) carried out a review of the entire national catalogue of occupational standards. It aimed to set up a 2019 work plan that would accommodate the need for updating occupational standards and (where appropriate) designing new ones which could have greater significance or impact on employment.

The INCUAL is responsible for defining, updating and adapting the Spanish national catalogue of occupational standards...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • National Institute of Qualifications (INCUAL)
ID number
28687
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To offer open educational resources, training and technological solutions to help Spanish teachers incorporate this skill into their teaching practice through programming and robotics activities.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The School of Computational Thinking was set up in the academic year 2018/19 to train teachers to develop programming and robotics in their classrooms. This initiative is coordinated by the National Institute for Education Technologies and Teacher Training (INTEF) in collaboration with the Autonomous Communities, which provide their own teachers for the project, as the education ministry does not have the competence for the teacher training in the regions.

In primary education, teachers use...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • National Institute of Education Technologies and Teacher Training (INTEF)
  • Autonomous Communities (CC.AA.)
ID number
28200
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To train teachers in developing students' digital competences and in the appropriate use of digital technologies in teaching and learning processes, including those taking place in virtual environments, adapting the pedagogical strategies used accordingly.

To update, through digital media, the scientific, pedagogical and didactic training of teachers, as well as that relating to coordination, guidance, tutoring, inclusive education, attention to diversity, equality and the organisation and...

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The National Institute of Education Technologies and Teacher Training (INTEF) is also responsible for the integration of ICT in non-university education. INTEF, in collaboration with the autonomous communities, offered four types of online courses for teacher continuous professional development (CPD):

  1. online tutored courses specifically for teachers; these combine expert support and follow-up with peer-to-peer exchange, teamwork and peer assessment. Successful completion is recognised...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • National Institute of Education Technologies and Teacher Training (INTEF)
  • Ministry of Education and Vocational Training
ID number
28199
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

To promote teacher training in the technological, methodological and social aspects of integrating digital resources into their daily teaching practice.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The Ministry of Education and Vocational Training, through the National Institute of Educational Technologies and Teacher Training and the Autonomous Communities, elaborated, in 2021, a new reference framework for digital competence in teaching through a commission dependent on the Working Group on Learning Technologies. This framework was approved by the Sectoral Conference on Education at its meeting on 30 March 2022 and published by Resolution of 4 May 2022 of the Directorate General for...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • National Institute of Education Technologies and Teacher Training (INTEF)
  • General Secretariat for VET
ID number
28198
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

Subsidised training for employment supports the acquisition of key competences, especially for those who left school without a secondary education certificate, so they can access professional certificate programmes at levels 2 and 3. In 2015 and 2016, the State Public Employment Service (Servicio Público de Empleo Estatal, SEPE) published calls for proposals which also offered key competences for adults and young people (within and outside the Youth guarantee programme), and early leavers...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • State Public Employment Service (SEPE)
ID number
28196
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

A 2015 Ministerial Decree ECD/65/2015 provides for the revision and update of key competences in curricula. The Decree describes the relationship between competences, content and evaluation criteria for primary, compulsory and secondary education. Implications are that key competences should be integrated into the curriculum (including in VET); they should be defined, explained and well-developed; the selection of content and methodologies should ensure the development of key competences...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Vocational Training
ID number
28195
View details
Spain Regulation/Legislation

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The objective of the action plan is to train at least 43% (100 000) of young people, registered as unemployed and with no compulsory secondary education qualification, to gain key competences in Spanish and mathematics; 30% of young people in linguistic competences, 225 000 young people in digital competences, and 25% (40 000) of young people in competences of strategic sectors.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The Action plan for youth employment (2019-21) includes initiatives in relation to vocational training aimed at enabling  young people under 30 years of age to acquire competences or professional experience, upgrade their qualifications and increase their employability.

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Labour and Social Economy
  • State Public Employment Service (SEPE)
  • The Spanish Youth Institute (INJUVE)
  • Autonomous Communities (CC.AA.)
ID number
28194
View details
Spain Strategy/Action plan

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The objectives of the plan are to:

  1. create a top-quality framework for employment and dignified work;
  2. be the main actors of their own qualification and labour market insertion process;
  3. increase their qualifications and employability by acquiring more professional skills;
  4. be part of a new economic model based on social sustainability, productivity and added value;
  5. provide adequate and individualised assistance from the public employment services;
  6. avoid horizontal segregation and the...

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The Reincorpora-T plan 2019-2021, approved in April, aimed at the long-term unemployed, is one of the measures implemented to contribute to the development of a new, more inclusive production model and is committed to intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth as set out in the Europe 2020 Strategy. It considers and recognises, through active employment policies, the labour potential of the active population that is related to situations of long-term unemployment or precarious employment.

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Labour and Social Economy
  • State Public Employment Service (SEPE)
  • Autonomous Public Employment Services
  • Ministry of Health, Consumption and Social Welfare
ID number
28193
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

There are multiple initiatives to raise the skills of young people and workers (employed or unemployed) in ICT and the digital economy. Different public bodies are involved, in some cases in partnership with industry.

Red.es, a public entity for the promotion of the information society, is currently in charge of the following schemes:

Digital professionals youth employment - this scheme is part of the digital agenda for Spain 2013-15, and is jointly funded by the European Social Fund...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Vocational Training
  • National Institute of Qualifications (INCUAL)
  • The Spanish School of Industrial Organisation Foundation (EOI)
  • State Public Employment Service (SEPE)
  • State Foundation for Training in Employment (Fundae)
  • Red.es
  • National Institute of Education Technologies and Teacher Training (INTEF)
ID number
28192
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

Reviewing the validation of informal and non-formal learning procedure regulated in RD 1224/2009 to make it simpler and easing access, as well as to meet validation needs of the different productive and service sectors.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

Within the General Council for Vocational Training, a working group has been set up to review the results obtained during the almost 10 years of implementation of this procedure. Data are collected through a platform established by INCUAL. Validation is also carried out through the Reconoce project, launched in 2015 upon approval by the Spanish Youth Institute (INJUVE) and the youth departments of the Autonomous Communities. The project aimed to establish a new recognition system for...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • National Institute of Qualifications (INCUAL)
  • Autonomous Communities (CC.AA.)
ID number
28190
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

In the education system, the process towards an integrated vocational guidance system was initiated in 2018. A working group was set within the General Council for Vocational Training, with the aim of laying down basic principles and legal provisions. In guidance under employment authorities, the Action plan for youth employment (2019-21) foresees the hiring of 3 000 professional counsellors by the regional PES to provide guidance services in connection to the common services portfolio. The...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Vocational Training
  • Ministry of Labour and Social Economy
  • State Public Employment Service (SEPE)
ID number
28188
View details
Spain Strategy/Action plan

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The Strategic plan for vocational training aims to make VET more responsive to the needs of the productive system, meeting skills demands in a quick and prospective way.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The new government, in power since June 2018, reorganised the administration. The change of name in the education administration state, now the Education and Vocational Training ministry (previously Education, Culture and Sports), reflects the new strategy to promote VET. In October 2018, the Government presented the Strategic plan for vocational training under education authorities. In February 2019, the Council of Ministers published the Agenda for change (Agenda del Cambio). The agenda...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Vocational Training
ID number
28187
View details
Spain Strategy/Action plan

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

VET policy priorities in 2016-20 include the need to improve the quality of the practical training component of VET programmes, both, in school-based settings or delivered as dual VET.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

The education ministry has contributed to promote work-based learning by supporting VET skills competitions at national (Spainskills), European (EuroSkills) and international levels (WorldSkills). All regional education authorities are also fostering different kind of events to promote dual VET among students, families and companies.

Trade unions are also contributing to the development of dual VET. In January 2018, General Union of Worker (Unión General de Trabajadores - UGT) published a...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Vocational Training
  • State Public Employment Service (SEPE)
ID number
28186
View details
Spain Practical measure/Initiative

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

The 2017-20 Spanish employment activation strategy includes projects and measures to rationalise the unemployment protection system, to develop a set of tools, infrastructures and information systems necessary for the modernisation of the national employment system, and to enhance its efficiency and effectiveness. These include measures aimed at strengthening and developing management and evaluation systems, and particularly at improving the management system and support for the Youth...

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

Employment authorities have reflected the policy priority given to dual VET and apprenticeships, including them as structural objectives in the 2017-20 Spanish employment activation strategy approved in December 2017. The strategy takes into account recommendations made to Spain both within the framework of the National reform programme and by the European Network of Public Employment Services (SPE-UE Network). The strategy covers dual and alternance training, regarded as key elements for...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Labour and Social Economy
  • State Public Employment Service (SEPE)
ID number
28183
View details
Spain Strategy/Action plan

Objectives

Goals and objectives of the policy development.

VET policy priorities in 2016-20 include the development - progressively - of a State-wide dual VET regulation according to Article No 42bis of the Organic Act on Education; better coordination among all actors involved in dual VET; improving the quality of the practical training component of VET programmes, both in school-based settings or delivered as dual VET.

Description

What/How/Who/For whom/When of the policy development in detail, explaining its activities and annual progress, main actors and target groups.

Dual VET is being developed in cooperation with the Autonomous Communities. The ministry of education and vocational training (2018), in cooperation with the main stakeholders, is pursuing the regulatory work necessary to develop dual VET at national level, also monitoring and assessing the results of regional pilot experiences so as to meet the needs and characteristics of the Spanish business world.

The initial draft was presented to social partners in May 2018, but the new government...

Bodies responsible

This section lists main bodies that are responsible for the implementation of the policy development or for its specific parts or activities, as indicated in the regulatory acts. The responsibilities are usually explained in its description.
  • Ministry of Education and Vocational Training
  • Ministry of Labour and Social Economy
  • State Public Employment Service (SEPE)
  • Autonomous Public Employment Services
ID number
28182
View details
Spain Strategy/Action plan