COIP/IPDM are not qualifying courses, rather they aim to equip young people with the necessary skills and competences they need to integrate into a VET programme or the labour market. The courses have two main components:
- A practical and professional component - traineeship of one week or longer in an enterprise, and practical classes provided by teachers in a workshop format. By law, students must follow 3 workshops per year.
- A component of general and social aspects - general education units/theoretical classes, and social and civic education.
The pedagogy is primarily based on individual training plans and personalised support, and places emphasis on psychological and social assistance.