Focus area
The initiative is aimed at providing job seekers and young job seekers with skills needed for entering or re-entering the labour market. It has two parts. The aim is to support the employability through measures of education, support for retraining, acquisition of key competences, and education by own initiative. The initiative is a national programme linkaged to the main skills anticipation at the national level, based on data previously collected by the Central Office of Labour, Social Affairs and Family of the Slovak Republic.
Implementation level
At what level is the initiative implemented?
Starting period
TIMESPAN: In what year did the initiative commence?
Education of job seekers: 01/2018– 12/2022. Education of young job seekers: 01/2019 - 09/2023
PERSPECTIVE: is the initiative based on evidence derived from skill forecasts or foresight activities?
The whole initative is based on the statistical evidence collected by the Central Office of Labour, Social Affairs and Family of the Slovak Republic. In particular, the need for further education of the job seekers will be analyzed and evaluated in terms of applicability on the labour market and the establishment of measures to increase employment opportunities.
Policy area
To which POLICY AREAS(s) does the initiative apply?
How it is funded?
Funded by the EU

Skill mismatch

Skill mismatch target
What type(s) of skills MISMATCH does the initiative aim to addresses?
Skill underutilisation (individuals' skills are not well used in their jobs)
Skill shortages (employers cannot fill their vacancies due to a lack of skills in the labour market)
Skill gaps (worker's skills are below the level of proficiency required by their employers and jobs)
Skills obsolescence (some or all of an individual's skills are no longer relevant to the current employer or in the labour market generally)
Skills matching focus
How does  the initiative address skills mismatches?
After individual or group consultancy with job seekers, appropriate training or re-training programmes are offered.
Skills delivered
What types of skill  does the initiative deliver?
General employability skills (team working, communication, etc.)


What methods of undertaking skills assessments and / or skills anticipation does the policy instrument utilise?
Please select what skills assessment/skills anticipation methods used and describe the particular instrument used (30 words maximum for each type of method)
Skills forecasting
Both qualitative (retrieved from the individual interviews and consultations with job seekers) and quantitative (forecasting based on the data collected by by the Central Office of Labour, Social Affairs and Family of the Slovak Republic, as well territorial offices) evidence is used to construct alternative scenarios of the future trainings for job seekers.
Use of skills intelligence
How is labour market information / skills intelligence used within the initiative?
Statistical data serves to design such training and re-training programmes the content of which take into account the current most relevant missing skills on the labour market at different regions in Slovakia (territorial offices designing and implementing the programmes).


Main responsible body
Main body or organisation with overall responsibility for the initiative.
National agency
Central Office of Labour, Social Affairs and Family (PES)
Other involved organisations
Which other organisations have a role in the initiative?
Regional agency
Territorial Offices of Labour, Social Affairs and Family offer counseling and training programmes
Who are the intended beneficiaries?
Young people with low levels of basic skills /early leavers from education or training
This target group is offered appropriate training or re-training programmes (separate category of persons under 29).
Adults with low basic skills
This target group is offered appropriate training or re-training programmes.
People with disabilities
This target group is offered appropriate training or re-training programmes, with a special focus on strengthening labour market inclusion.


Success factors
SUCCESS FACTORS in the implementation
Competency and re-training courses help to address the mismatch between labour market needs and job seeker’s skills. The initiative fosters the employability of the target groups, thus helping to overcome the socio-economic disadvantages caused by unemployment (e.g. poverty, social exclusion, discrimination, etc.).
BARRIERS in the implementation
An evaluation that would identify the barriers was not performed. Several factors could have contributed to setbacks in the implementation, among them e.g. delays in receiving funding, which might have deterred labour offices to use the tool more extensively. The other factors that can lower the impact are: differences in skill assessment mechanisms, as well as social groups with no or low interest in further training.
Monitoring and evaluation
MONITORING and EVALUATION: Is progress measured regularly? What are the indicators used to measure progress of the policy instrument? Have any evaluations been conducted?
Regular monitoring reports are undertaken by the responsible ministry which contains the following set of indicators: unemployed participants who finish intervention; unemployed participants who were offered a job/other education/apprenticeship preparation/internship; participants who are employed 6 months after finishing the training.
EVIDENCE ON EFFECTIVENESS: How effective is the policy instrument?
Since the launch of the project, more than 15,000 jobseekers (8% of all jobseekers) have been trained, of which 15% were low skilled (REPAS+). According to the data available, the KOMPAS+ measure has trained 2,247 jobseekers (1% of all jobseekers), of which 37.5% were low skilled, since 2018 (OECD 2020).
SUSTAINABILITY: How sustainable is the policy instrument? Do you expect the instrument to continue over the next few years and why?
This initiative and especially its measures (REPAS+ and KOMPAS+) were re-launched in 2018 as a policy response to the European Commission’s recommendations on Upskilling Pathways (The Council of the European Union, 2016). The programme's continuation depends on the availability of ESF funding.

Other instruments in Slovakia