Average regulated remuneration: EUR 12.8 per hour
Share of national minimum wage: not applicable
Share of the average salary of worker: 30-70% (estimate; the share increases with apprenticeship year and depends on the sector)
Remuneration (annual gross income) in 3 selected occupations (EUR):
hairdresser: 1st year: 17,611; 2nd: 20,090; 3rd: 22,249; 4th: 24,051
motor mechanic: 1st year: 17,533; 2nd: 19,887; 3rd: 21,361; 4th: 24,722
bricklayer: 1st year: 18,257; 2nd: 22,188; 3rd: 24,852; 4th: 29,287
Remuneration for age groups, average annual gross income:
15-19: 1st year: EUR 17,800; 2nd year: EUR 20,700; 3rd year: EUR 22,800; 4th year: EUR 26,000
20-24: 1st year: EUR 17,800; 2nd year: EUR 20,700; 3rd year: EUR 22,800; 4th year: EUR 26,000
25 and above: EUR 29,894
Employers pay the wages to the apprentices, however, they get reimbursement from the training fund (AUB, Employers training contribution) for the part of the wages paid while the apprentice is at school. The training fund is based on the levy on companies; the State contributes to the fund covering the part of the cost of students' remuneration corresponding to the SU support (Grants and Loans scheme).
Companies which either increase the number of apprentices compared to the average number of apprentices in company or recruit apprentices from a so-called 'advantage-education' (fordelsuddannelse, i.e. in specialties with increased job demand) are entitled to receive a 'bonus scheme'.
Regarding social insurance, in Denmark, unemployment insurance is a voluntary scheme administered by the unemployment insurance funds (A-kasser). The Danish system thus differentiates between the situation for the unemployed who are insured and those who are uninsured. Unemployment insurance funds are private associations of employees or self-employed persons organised for the sole purpose of ensuring economic support in the event of unemployment in all occupations and industries. Unemployment insurance is, however, largely financed by the State. Pension contributions are paid by the employer (as part of the salary) and employee/apprentice, while the contributions related to unemployment benefits on a higher level (insured*) are paid by the employee/apprentice.
No EU funding involved.
Public funding (EUR): 750,336,021 (2016, estimate)
The estimation is based on the figures from the 2016 State budget and include the following categories: basic state contribution to the VET institutions and taximeter contribution (main part of the public financing. It is calculated individually for each institution based on the number of annual students and a fixed fee per annual student. The fee is determined each year as part of the state budget). There might be other costs involved where data is not available.
Companies contribution: From the signing of the apprenticeship contract between the student and the company, the company pays apprentice remuneration (wages) for the time the apprentice is at school (off-the-job training).
No EU funding involved.