Q19. Is there a distinction between the training time and working time for the period spent at workplace, as per regulation?
Yes, the legal framework makes this distinction
No, the legal framework makes no distinction
Q20. What is the form of alternation of training between workplace (company) and school?
Every week includes both venues
One or more weeks (less than 1 month) spent at school followed by one or more weeks at workplace
One or more months (less than 1 year) spent at school followed by one or more months at workplace
A longer period (1-2 years) spent at school followed by a longer period spent training at workplace
Various – depends on agreements between the school and the company
In practice, apprentices usually spent 1 day per week in the education institution and 4 days per week in the company.
Q21. What is the basis for the training offered?
The scheme is implemented via a specific apprenticeship programme
The scheme is implemented on the basis of the school-based VET programme
The scheme is implemented based on the VET standards (valid generally for all VET schemes)
Both upper-secondary pathways (bol, bbl) and the third pathway have the same learning outcomes which lead to the same qualifications.
Q22. Is the company hosting apprentices required by regulation to follow a training plan at the workplace?
Yes, the training plan is based on the national/sectoral requirements for the in-company training
Yes, the training plan is agreed at the level of school and company
No, is not required formally
Article 7.2.8 of the Education law states that there is a contract between the apprentice, the school and company focussed on the training (praktijkovereenkomst - agreement/contract with education institution). This is focussed on training (different from the labour contract, see Q28). The employer ensures that the apprentice-employee is trained in accordance with the programme.
Most importantly, the company or organisation providing the apprenticeship needs to be accredited by the SBB (see also Q23). This accreditation process includes checking whether the company provides a learning environment and supervisors.
Obligations of the employer: the employer provides the apprentice-employee an apprenticeship and will take any measures necessary to achieve the goals of this agreement, including the quality of the apprenticeship.
Q23. What are the requirements on companies to provide placements, as per regulation?
Have to provide a suitable learning environment
Have to provide a mentor / tutor / trainer
The Dutch Act on Adult and Vocational Education requires VET students to carry out part of their education or training at accredited work placement companies.
Article 7.2.8 of the Education Law stipulates that the company or organisation providing the apprenticeship must ensure the supervision of the apprentice.
An accredited work placement company must meet the following conditions:
1. offer students a safe workplace that corresponds with their education or training. The student will carry out the profession for which he/she is training with the corresponding tasks and requirements.
2. assign a workplace trainer, who has good insight in the profession and is able to coach and manage students on the work-floor. Make time and resources available for the workplace trainer to carry out these tasks.
3. Be willing to cooperate with VET schools and the SBB, and provide the appropriate and necessary information.
4. Agree to the publication of its business details on Stagemarkt.nl: the website that students use to find a practice placement opening or apprenticeship.
The Ministry of Education has assigned SBB the task to accredit companies for providing apprenticeships. This accreditation process includes checking whether the company provides a learning environment and supervisors. The SBB helps to improve the quality of workplace learning in the company via online and face-to-face services.
 Stichting Samenwerking Beroepsonderwijs Bedrijfsleven
Q24. What are the formal requirements regarding workplace trainers/mentors/tutors? What is their profile?
A profile for a trainer is included in the regulations for accreditation of work placement companies. SBB offers training and interactive learning modules for in-company trainers, they are on voluntary basis.