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The European skills and jobs (ESJ) survey, the first survey on skill mismatch carried out in the EU28 Member States, examines drivers of skill development and the dynamic evolution of skill mismatch in relation to the changing complexity of the tasks and skills required in people’s jobs.

The survey detects education and skill needs in different occupations and sectors and assesses the extent to which basic, digital and transversal skills of individuals are valued in the job market. It also investigates the capacity of initial (e.g. work-based learning) and continuing vocational education and training to mitigate skill mismatch.

Cedefop’s European skills and jobs (ESJ) survey is the first survey on skill mismatch carried out in 2014 in all EU28 Member States. The survey has revealed that about 30% of European employees possess qualifications that are not well-matched to those required by their jobs, while about 45% of EU adult workers believe that their skills can be better developed or utilised at work. European policy that mitigates skill mismatch can thus be conducive to raising the productivity of EU enterprises and improving worker well-being.

The report ‘Skills, qualifications and jobs: the making of a perfect match?’, contains a comprehensive analysis of the ESJ data and derives key policy messages and  #ESJsurvey Insights contain short analytical pieces on policy issues.

Key statistics and indicators from the ESJ survey are available in the Skills Panorama

The microdata of Cedefop’s European skills and jobs survey are publicly available and can be downloaded for free (in SPSS format), conditional on completion of an online access registration form. Interested researchers and analysts can also consult the full questionnaire of the ESJ survey or view a schematic representation of the ESJ structure. Cedefop debated the findings of the ESJ survey during the high-level conference ‘Maximising skills for jobs and jobs for skills’ that took place 7-8 December 2015.

A repository of ongoing research studies and other academic projects using the Cedefop ESJ survey is also regularly updated on this site. A selected number of peer-reviewed academic studies based on the ESJ data will also be published soon as a special Cedefop-IZA issue of the journal Research in Labor Economics.

Enter the debate regarding the policy implications of the survey at twitter #ESJsurvey or facebook.

For further information regarding the project please contact Konstantinos Pouliakas

Project contacts

Konstantinos Pouliakas
Giovanni Russo

Project details