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Skills-OVATE: Skills Online Vacancy Analysis Tool for Europe


Brexit Disclaimer
This website as well as the publications and online tools accessible via this website may contain UK data and analysis based on research conducted before the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union on 31 January 2020. EU averages or other statistical parameters including the UK reflect the situation in the European Union before 31 January 2020 and should not be considered as representative of the situation in the EU thereafter. Any data or information pertaining to the UK will be gradually phased out from Cedefop’s website, publications and online tools, as ongoing research projects with the United Kingdom’s participation are concluded. Data coming from UK were collected, processed and published before its withdrawal from the EU. Therefore, EU averages contain UK related data up to 2019.

Welcome to Skills-OVATE: Online Vacancy Analysis Tool for Europe

Skills-OVATE offers detailed information on jobs and skills employers demand in online job advertisements. The tool presents data collected from July 2018 until September 2020 in 28 European countries. Cedefop is continuously working on improving data quality and expanding the functionalities of the system.  The expanded version of Skills-OVATE will be released in Spring 2021.

In Skills-OVATE you can access information retrieved from millions of online job advertisements, coming from thousands of sources, including private job portals, public employment service portals, recruitment agencies, online newspapers and employer websites.

We would like to thank all online job portals and websites that agreed to the collection of data, in particular those allowing Cedefop to use APIs.

About classifications

Skills-OVATE provides information on occupations, skills and regions based on international classifications: ISCO-08 for occupations, NUTS-2 for regions, ESCO version 1 for skills and NACE rev. 2 for sectors.


Important: Please note!

Cedefop has developed information in Skills-OVATE using a robust methodology. The underlying online job advertisement data are already of high quality, but they need more work to clean and classify them. More analysis and testing are also necessary for Skills-OVATE to provide sound evidence to inform policy making. For more information about the nature of the data and methodology used to extract information from job advertisements, please read this publication, or consult the FAQs.

Please use the findings as indicative. Skills-OVATE’s aims at this stage to show the data’s potential and provide information to help interpret labour market developments. Cedefop does not assume any responsibility for policy decisions based on information presented in the tool.

Data visualisation is powered by Tableau public. By using the tool you agree with general policies of Tableau.


Skills-OVATE allows you to display information at national land aggregate level. The system contains UK data and analysis based on research conducted before the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union on 31 January 2020. The default aggregate refers to the EU Member States (EU27_2020). While it is possible to display aggregates including the UK (EU27_2020+UK) to reflect the situation in the European Union before 31 January 2020, these should not be considered as representative of the situation in the EU thereafter.

The online job advertisements were gathered between 1 July 2018 and 30 September 2020. Data presented are based on a robust methodology using big data and machine learning techniques. The underlying online job advertisement data are already of high quality, but they need more work to clean and classify them. More analysis and testing are also necessary for Skills-OVATE to provide sound evidence to inform policy making. Please use the findings as indicative. Skills-OVATE’s aims at this stage to show the data’s potential and provide information to help interpret labour market developments.

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