Focus area
The Action aims to the further development and specialisation of the role of the social partners in the national Mechanism for Labor Market Diagnosis, through the development of methodologies and tools (skills foresight, analysis of a 'mix of skills', policy recommendations). In addition, project partners will elaborate further on sectoral and occupational studies and impact assessment studies. The outputs of the Action are as follows: A) 4 thematically oriented skill foresight studies (one per partner), B) 3 studies on skill mix, C) 2 policy papers, D) 2 nationwide surveys on transversal/horizontal/social skills, E) 1 "Social Dialogue Lab".
Implementation level
At what level is the initiative implemented?
Starting period
TIMESPAN: In what year did the initiative commence?
PERSPECTIVE: is the initiative based on evidence derived from skill forecasts or foresight activities?
Τhe Action includes the development of a set of methodologies and tools, generated from IME GSEVEE, such as: a) skills foresight, b) analysis, mapping and monitoring of a 'mixed of skills' focused on occupations, and c) highlighting policy impacts on skills.
Policy area
To which POLICY AREAS(s) does the initiative apply?
How it is funded?
Funded by the EU
European Social Fund (ESF) / OP Human Resources Development, Education and Lifelong Learning

Skill mismatch

Skill mismatch target
What type(s) of skills MISMATCH does the initiative aim to addresses?
Overqualification (individuals' qualifications/credentials are above their job's needs)
Underqualification (individuals' qualifications/credentials are below their job's needs)
Skill shortages (employers cannot fill their vacancies due to a lack of skills in the labour market)
Skill gaps (worker's skills are below the level of proficiency required by their employers and jobs)
Skills obsolescence (some or all of an individual's skills are no longer relevant to the current employer or in the labour market generally)
Skills matching focus
How does  the initiative address skills mismatches?
The partnership will address sectoral/occupational shortages through sectoral and/or occupational studies.
The emphasis of the quantitative surveys with employers and employees will be put on transversal/horizontal/social skills and their shortage.


What methods of undertaking skills assessments and / or skills anticipation does the policy instrument utilise?
Employer surveys
The partnership will carry out nationwide employers and employees’ quantitative surveys with emphasis on transversal/horizontal/social skills.
Skills foresight
The partnership will conduct sectoral and/or occupational studies, applying the method of skill foresight.
The partnership will deliver an impact assessment study aiming at highlighting policy impacts on skills.
Use of skills intelligence
How is labour market information / skills intelligence used within the initiative?
The labour market information / skills intelligence of the Action will be used as infrastructure for strengthening the social partners' capacities in analyzing, mapping, and monitoring skills.


Main responsible body
Main body or organisation with overall responsibility for the initiative.
Social partner: employer organisation
IME GSEVEE: It is the coordinator of the Action and responsible for the nationwide employers' survey. It will also deliver a skills foresight study and will coordinate the activities of the "Social Dialogue Lab".
Other involved organisations
Which other organisations have a role in the initiative?
Social partner: employer organisation
INSETE: It will deliver a skill foresight study thematically organized around tourism, a study on skill mix in 3 tourism-oriented occupations. It will also provide feedback on the project's outputs, mainly through the active participation to the "Social Dialogue Lab".
ΙΝΕΜΥ: It will deliver a skill foresight study thematically organized around e-commerce, a study on skill mix in 3 occupations. It will also provide feed back on the project's outputs, mainly through the active participation to the "Social Dialogue Lab".
Social partner: trade union
INE GSEE: It is responsible for conducting the quantitative survey among employees. INE GSEE will also deliver a skill foresight study, a study on skill mix in 3 occupations. It will also provide feed back on the project's outputs, mainly through the active participation to the "Social Dialogue Lab".
Who are the intended beneficiaries?
The project will contribute to the institutional strengthening of the social partners through the evaluation of public interventions on skills issues.


Success factors
SUCCESS FACTORS in the implementation
The basic success factor is the cooperation of the social partners and their joint commitment to the need of complementing the Mechanism of Labour Market Diagnosis with skills intelligence. The coordinating role of IME GSEVEE, a partner with accumulating experience in skills anticipation exercises (see also, Foresight Lab).
BARRIERS in the implementation
There are difficulties in meeting the scheduled timeplan of the Action. Although the coordinator has developed the project's web page the information provided so far demonstrates difficulties in communicating the project's outputs.
Monitoring and evaluation
MONITORING and EVALUATION: Is progress measured regularly? What are the indicators used to measure progress of the policy instrument? Have any evaluations been conducted?
The basic tool of evaluation and monitoring is the "Social Dialogue Lab". The methodological guidelines, the deliverables and milestones of the Action will be systematically reviewed from representatives of the partnership in the framework of the Lab. The Lab will conclude with a policy paper on key aspects of skills governance in Greece (the use and re-use of skills intelligence produced by the Mechanism of Labour Market Diagnosis, models of skills anticipation exercises, diagnosis of needs in new institutional initiatives). The "Social Dialogue Lab" is expected to operate as a feedback loop, which is much needed from a systemic perspective.
UPDATES: whether there have been any major updates of the initiative since it has been implemented?
The project is ongoing. No major updates have been communicated.
EVIDENCE ON EFFECTIVENESS: How effective is the policy instrument?
The Action builds on the partners' close collaboration in the context of the Mechanism for Labour Market Diagnosis, which intends to support. Their parallel actions in the field of skills anticipation, is another sign of their commitment to critically enhance the effectiveness of the Greek system of skills monitoring, analysis and anticipation.
SUSTAINABILITY: How sustainable is the policy instrument? Do you expect the instrument to continue over the next few years and why?
The policy-oriented activities in the framework of the Action and the establishment and operation of the "Social Dialogue Lab" thereby, indicate a good level of sustainability for the near future. The Action's overall integration both with the Mechanism's operation and the other partners' activities in the field of skills anticipation, is another positive sign in what regards the sustainability of this policy instrument.

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