Focus area
The occupations and occupational areas are a collection of forecasts that illustrate in which sectors which skills are needed. The forecasts are divided in sectors, where some are related to VET.
Implementation level
At what level is the initiative implemented?
Starting period
TIMESPAN: In what year did the initiative commence?
The instrument is currently operational, but there is no information about when it started.
PERSPECTIVE: is the initiative based on evidence derived from skill forecasts or foresight activities?
Yes, The occupations and occupational areas are a collection of forecasts that illustrate in which sectors which skills are needed. For example, you can look up the occupation "crafts" and get information about how the competition for jobs are within this occupation and what positions are free at the moment.
Policy area
To which POLICY AREAS(s) does the initiative apply?
How it is funded?
Funded by national government

Skill mismatch

Skill mismatch target
What type(s) of skills MISMATCH does the initiative aim to addresses?
Skill gaps (worker's skills are below the level of proficiency required by their employers and jobs)
Skills matching focus
How does  the initiative address skills mismatches?
The initiative addresses sectoral/occupational skill shortages by delivering a statistical overview of what kind of occupations are missing employees and what kind of skills they need.


What methods of undertaking skills assessments and / or skills anticipation does the policy instrument utilise?
Skills forecasting
The initiative is based on statistical data and delivers forecasts regarding how the competition for jobs is within several occupations in the future. These forecasts are made for the different regions of Sweden and you can, for example see, that if you choose to become an ambulance nurse there will be very limited competition for a job in the future (1-5 years).
Use of skills intelligence
How is labour market information / skills intelligence used within the initiative?
The LMI are being used to inform unemployed and jobseekers looking for a job. These people can use the initiative to look up possible jobs and skills needed to qualify for this job.


Main responsible body
Main body or organisation with overall responsibility for the initiative.
National PES
The Swedish Public Employment Service (PES)
Other involved organisations
Which other organisations have a role in the initiative?
no other organisations are involved.
Who are the intended beneficiaries?
The main beneficiaries are unemployed and jobseekers looking for a job.


Success factors
SUCCESS FACTORS in the implementation
Its success lies in its purpose to help jobseekers, but there are no evaluations available on success factors.
BARRIERS in the implementation
A possible barrier could be to get jobseekers to use the initiative actively when looking for a job or choosing a career path.
Monitoring and evaluation
MONITORING and EVALUATION: Is progress measured regularly? What are the indicators used to measure progress of the policy instrument? Have any evaluations been conducted?
The initiative has not been monitored or evaluated systematically.
UPDATES: whether there have been any major updates of the initiative since it has been implemented?
There are no major updates, only updating the data as part of the initiative.
EVIDENCE ON EFFECTIVENESS: How effective is the policy instrument?
There is no evidence on effectiveness of the initiative and it has not been assessed.
SUSTAINABILITY: How sustainable is the policy instrument? Do you expect the instrument to continue over the next few years and why?
This policy instrument seems sustainable due to several things. Firstly, the forecasts are based on interviews with more than 10.000 employees and employers, macroeconomic analyses etc. which makes the instrument a solid tool to use when assessing skill mismatches. Secondly, it gathers a lot of information e.g., skills needed in different occupations, job opportunities, salaries within the different occupations, information on the competition regarding specific jobs within the nearest future etc.

Other instruments in Sweden