Average regulated remuneration: EUR 61,73 (average in the first term of grade. calculation: =15% x EUR 411,52, i.e. min wage in 2017, S1)
Level in PPS per month (average): 102.71; per year (average): 1,232.51
Level in PPS per hour (average): 1.99
Share of national minimum wage (average): 15% in the first term of the first grade (Apprentices receive 10.5-19.5% of the minimum wage in the first term of the first grade depending on the share of the practical training within the training programme. Then, training provider sets the rate of mandatory increase in every term, depending on students diligence and performance)
Remuneration (annual gross income) in 3 selected occupations (EUR):
hairdresser: 1st year: 773.66; 2nd: 888.67; 3rd: nap; 4th: nap
motor mechanic: 1st year: 644.72; 2nd: 740.56; 3rd: nap; 4th: nap
bricklayer: 1st year: 773.66; 2nd: 888.67; 3rd: 961.85; 4th: nap
(Exchange rate: 1 EUR = 309,90 HUF)
All companies pay the levy called vocational training contribution. Companies contribution obligation may be met by payment to the development and training sub-fund of the National Employment Fund or by organising practical training. In case of the latter, the contribution may be reduced based on the basic norms specified in the budget act of the given year (EUR 1,461.76/person/year in 2017).
Apprenticeship on-the-job training costs are covered by employers, including paying the allowance to the apprentices. Companies can, however, deduct the training costs from their mandatory vocational training contribution and can also have other apprenticeship-related costs reimbursed from the training sub-fund of the National Employment Fund.
In 2015, a comparative analysis of the vocational practical training basic normative amount/vocational training contribution reduction and the actual costs of practical training provided by enterprises based on apprenticeship training contract was carried out by the National Office of Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning. This research has confirmed that the normative funding/vocational training contribution tax reduction of practical training covered most of the actual costs of practical training.
(Research can be found in the Hungarian language on the website of National Office of Vocational Education and Training and Adult Learning: http://site.nive.hu/refernet/index.php/en/publications). Based on another survey (made by the Hungarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Institute for Economic and Enterprise Research), according to companies' estimates vocational practical training basic normative amount/vocational training contribution reduction covers at least 80% of all training costs related to on-the-job training. The remaining cost will be covered by the enterprise.
Survey can be found in Hungarian language on the website of the Hungarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Institute for Economic and Enterprise Research http://gvi.hu/files/researches/486/szakiskola_2016_vallalatok_tanulmany…
The instruments promote wide involvement of companies (employers) in VET thus giving apprentices the opportunity to acquire professional skills and competencies in a real working environment.
- Only 1,3% of all companies provide apprenticeship training for VET students. It is not easy to involve companies into the VET. In Hungary 99% of all enterprises are micro, small and medium size enterprises and 95% of enterprises employ less than 10 workers.
- Only 23,6% of all VET students can take part in apprenticeship training.
- For the time being, companies do not regard the apprenticeship training as long-term investment.
- The wages provided to the apprentices are determined in tandem with the statutory minimum wage, but the support provided to the employers does not follow the annual changes of the statutory minimum wage.