Q19. Is there a distinction between the training time and working time for the period spent at workplace, as per regulation?
Yes, the legal framework makes this distinction
No, the legal framework makes no distinction
Q20. What is the form of alternation of training between workplace (company) and school?
Every week includes both venues
One or more weeks (less than 1 month) spent at school followed by one or more weeks at workplace
One or more months (less than 1 year) spent at school followed by one or more months at workplace
A longer period (1-2 years) spent at school followed by a longer period spent training at workplace
Various – depends on agreements between the school and the company
Each week includes both venues. In the 11th grade, students spend minimum 2 days a week at the workplace, in the 12th grade students spend minimum 3 days a week at the workplace.
Q21. What is the basis for the training offered?
The scheme is implemented via a specific apprenticeship programme
The scheme is implemented on the basis of the school-based VET programme
The scheme is implemented based on the VET standards (valid generally for all VET schemes)
The scheme is implemented based on the standards for all VET.
Training in the company is based on a curriculum for in-company training developed jointly by the VET school and the partner company.
Q22. Is the company hosting apprentices required by regulation to follow a training plan at the workplace?
Yes, the training plan is based on the national/sectoral requirements for the in-company training
Yes, the training plan is agreed at the level of school and company
No, is not required formally
The employer hosting apprentices is required by legislation to follow a training plan developed jointly between the VET school and the employer.
Q23. What are the requirements on companies to provide placements, as per regulation?
Have to provide a suitable learning environment
Have to provide a mentor / tutor / trainer
Besides offering a suitable workplace, each company should have enough mentors/instructors: each company should provide at least 1 instructor for every 5 apprentices.
Moreover, companies should be registered according to the Trade Act or the Act for NGOs and should not have unpaid liabilities to the state budget.
Q24. What are the formal requirements regarding workplace trainers/mentors/tutors? What is their profile?
The legislation provides that the mentors at the workplace are employees of the employer who have at least 3 years of professional experience on the job and who have undergone special training for mentors following a training plan approved by the Minister of Education and Science.
The formal roles and duties of the mentors include:
- Participating in the elaboration of the in-company training plan and follows it strictly once approved by the VET school and the company;
- Instructing every apprentice on the safety regulations;
- Helping the apprentice in his/her adaptation to the workplace;
- Taking care of providing the tools and material for the training;
- Giving practical tasks to the apprentice and monitors their execution;
- Participating in the evaluation of the work of the apprentice;
- Keeping regular contacts with teacher-methodologist from the VET school.